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Spie Press Book

Field Guide to Holography
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Book Description

Although they are mostly known by the general public for producing beautiful artworks, holograms are used in a variety of technical applications. From nondestructive testing of composite materials to data storage and processing, there are numerous situations where holography is better suited than any other method. This Field Guide presents an overview of the various concepts of holography, including a theoretical foundation and descriptions of the different types of holograms, techniques used to produce them, and the most common recording materials. Written with a large audience in mind - including students, researchers, and engineers - the book provides a broad panorama of the field to help readers understand its concepts and methodology.

Book Details

Date Published: 17 January 2014
Pages: 92
ISBN: 9780819499578
Volume: FG31

Table of Contents
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Glossary of Symbols and Acronyms

Introduction and Basic Concepts
Historical Background
Optical Field: Plane Wave
Optical Field: Complex Notation and Spherical Waves
Coherent Waves
Diffraction Grating and Orders
Holographic Optical Elements
Holography outside the Visible Spectrum

Theory and Mathematical Formalism
Grating Equation
Angular Dispersion
Bragg's Law
Grating Vector
Classification of Holograms
Reflection versus Transmission Geometry
Thin/Thick Criteria
Analytic Coupled-Wave Analysis of Thick, Unslanted Gratings
Rigorous Coupled-Wave Analysis
Dispersion of Thick-Volume Gratings
Remarkable Thin Gratings
Scalar Theory of Diffraction: Kirchhoff Diffraction Integral
Fresnel Diffraction Integral
Fraunhofer Diffraction Integral
Diffraction by Simple Apertures
Remarkable Interference Patterns
Interference Recording and Reconstruction Formalization
Aberrations in Holograms
Computer-Generated Holograms
Errors in Computer-Generated Holograms
Space-Bandwidth Product

Holographic Setups
Inline Transmission Hologram (Gabor)
Inline Reflection Hologram (Denisyuk)
Off-axis Transmission Hologram (Leith and Upatnieks)
Imaging Consideration of Transmission Holograms
Transfer Hologram (H2)
Rainbow Hologram (Benton)
Edge-lit Holograms
Holographic Stereograms
Color Holograms
Lippmann Photography
Holographic Interferometry
Phase Conjugate Mirror
Digital Holography
Holographic Television
3D Perception and Holograms
Phase Stabilization

Holographic Recording Materials
Silver Halide
Dichromated Gelatin
Photochromic Materials
Photoresists and Embossed Holograms
Polarization-Sensitive Material
Photorefractive Materials
Inorganic and Organic Photorefractive Materials
Acousto-optic Modulator (Bragg Cell)
Spatial Light Modulators

Equation Summary




Few people can forget their first time seeing a hologram: the ghostlike image floating in space, changing its appearance in response to movement. Holograms have stirred childlike wonder in scientists and rapt curiosity in generations of schoolchildren. Abundantly depicted in science fiction novels and movies, holography is still imprinted with the dream of a better future through science and technology. Nowadays, holography plays a critical role in applications as diverse as credit card security, nondestructive testing of composite materials, and data storage and processing. Holography is one of the rare techniques that can transcend the realm of science into the magic of art.

The primary objective of this Field Guide is to present an overview of the various concepts of holography, including a theoretical foundation, a description of the different types of holograms, techniques used to produce them, and the most common recording materials. It is meant to provide the student, scholar, researcher, engineer, or professor with a broad panorama of the field and to help readers explore holography and understand its concepts and methodology.

Holography is not reserved solely for scientists with expensive equipment - it is a hobby and a passion that can be enjoyed by anyone with an interest in science who wants to make their own holograms. I hope that this Field Guide can demystify holography, but keep the wonder untouched and inspire you to discover the beauty of optical sciences.

Pierre-Alexandre Blanche
College of Optical Sciences
The University of Arizona

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