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Proceedings Paper

Experimental characterization of shape memory alloy actuator cables
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Paper Abstract

Wire rope (or cables) are a fundamental structural element in many engineering applications. Recently, there has been growing interest in stranding NiTi wires into cables to scale up the adaptive properties of NiTi tension elements and to make use of the desirable properties of wire rope. Exploratory experiments were performed to study the actuation behavior of two NiTi shape memory alloy cables and straight monofilament wire of the same material. The specimens were held under various dead loads ranging from 50 MPa to 400 MPa and thermally cycled 25 times from 140°C to 5°C at a rate of 12°C/min. Performance metrics of actuation stroke, residual strain, and work output were measured and compared between specimen types. The 7x7 cable exhibited similar actuation to the single straight wire, but with slightly longer stroke and marginally more shakedown, while maintaining equivalent specific work output. This leads to the conclusion that the 7x7 cable effectively scaled up the adaptive properties the straight wire. Under loads below 150 MPa, the 1x27 cable had up to double the actuation stroke and work output, but exhibited larger shakedown and poorer performance when loaded higher.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 April 2016
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 9800, Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2016, 98000D (18 April 2016); doi: 10.1117/12.2219502
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel B. Biggs, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
John A. Shaw, Univ. of Michigan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 9800:
Behavior and Mechanics of Multifunctional Materials and Composites 2016
Nakhiah C. Goulbourne, Editor(s)

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