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Conference 12372 > Paper 12372-39
Paper 12372-39

Optical evanescent-wave hydrogen fiber sensor based on Bragg grating coated with nanoparticles

29 January 2023 • 5:20 PM - 5:40 PM PST | Moscone Center, Room 312 (Level 3 South)

Abstract

Hydrogen has attracted much attention as a source of clean and sustainable energy. However, one of the drawbacks of handling hydrogen as a power source is its volatility and flammability. Moreover, hydrogen leakages in gas pipelines or tanks can generate highly explosive gas mixtures in air, if the hydrogen concentrations exceed 4 %. Therefore, in order to increase the security, monitoring of hydrogen concentrations in hydrogen infrastructures is mandatory. Remote sensing systems using passive fiber optical sensors are predestined for these kinds of applications. In this paper, a sensor based on evanescent field fiber Bragg grating (FBG), coated with palladium (Pd) nanoparticles is proposed. Thereby, the intensity change of the sensor signal correlates with the hydrogen concentration. The detection range of the sensor is between 0.5% to 5% H2 in nitrogen or synthetic air atmosphere and therefore shows great potential for the detection of hydrogen leakages below the explosive limit of 4%.

Presenter

Ahmad Abdalwareth
Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, HHI (Germany)
Ahmad Abdalwareth, born in Cairo in 1991, is currently a PhD student at the Fraunhofer Heinrich Hertz Institute in Germany. He works on the development of optical fiber sensors, their manufacturing by femtosecond lasers, and their industrial applications. He focuses on the development of optical evanescent-wave fiber sensors for hydrogen detection.
Presenter/Author
Ahmad Abdalwareth
Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik, Heinrich-Hertz-Institut, HHI (Germany)
Author
Günter Flachenecker
Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik (Germany)
Author
Martin Angelmahr
Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik (Germany)
Author
Fraunhofer-Institut für Nachrichtentechnik (Germany)