Conference 11771 > Paper 11771-16
Paper 11771-16

Visualization of light transmission in the brain using photon tracking based on the Monte Carlo method

Abstract

The brain is composed of the cerebrum, cerebellum, diencephalon and brainstem. The cerebrum is the superlative part of the central nervous system and also the main part of the brain. There are differences and similarities between humans and mouse. The study of mouse brain model is helpful to understand the process in clinical trials and also has reference significance for the study of human brain. Therefore, the study of mouse brain is particularly important. As the skull has a large scattering effect on light, it is difficult for us to image the brain through the skull directly. Therefore, we often use methods such as optical clearing or thin skull to reduce or remove the influence of the skull on imaging. In this paper, the transmission of photons in mouse brain was studied using Monte Carlo method. In the study of photon trajectories, the photon distribution without intact skull went farther in both longitudinal and transverse directions compared with that of with intact skull. In terms of the optical absorption density and fluence rate. On the condition of with intact skull, the distribution of optical absorption density and fluence rate was fusiform and rounder on the whole. The radial distribution range of optical absorption density and fluence rate was 0.25 cm, which was approximately 2.5 times of that of with intact skull. In the depth direction, due to the strong scattering and absorption of the scalp and skull, the optical absorption density dropped sharply from 0.890 cm-1 to 0.415 cm-1. When the photons arrived at the gray matter layer, only a few photons were reserved. Due to the strong absorption and scattering effect of the gray matter layer, only a few photons left, the optical absorption density increased from 0.415 cm-1 to 0.592 cm-1, and then decreased again. When the depth was 1.35 cm, the optical absorption density dropped to 0 cm-1. After removing the skull, due to the weak absorption and scattering effect of normal saline and cerebrospinal fluid, the optical absorption density was low (0.119 cm-1) and dropped slowly. When the photons arrived at the gray matter layer, most of the photons were reserved. Due to the strong absorption and scattering effect of the gray matter layer, the optical absorption density increased from 0.117 cm-1 to 0.812 cm-1, then the optical absorption density decreased to 0 cm-1 at a depth of 1.35 cm. The distribution of radiant fluence rate is similar to that of optical absorption density. This study will provide reference and theoretical guidance for the optical imaging of mouse brain and the study of the mouse and human brain.

Presenter

Nanchang Univ. (China)
Presenter/Author
Nanchang Univ. (China)
Author
Nanchang Univ. (China)
Author
Nanchang Univ. (China)