Stable harmonic mode locking in soliton fiber laser with frequency shift: theory and experiment
Soliton fiber lasers with passive harmonic mode-locking (HML) have been known for several decades as reliable sources of pulse trains with a high repetition rate. They are commonly employed as frequency comb generators in a wide list of applications in spectroscopy, telecommunications, microwave photonics. Besides that exhibiting advantageous consumer properties, such as compactness, reliability, low cost and convenience of beam delivery approach these sources are among the most attractive alternatives for material processing, medicine lasers and other areas. In the first group of these lasers the HML occurs due to special intra-cavity periodic filter with a free spectral range (FSR) which is a multiple of the main cavity FSR and equals to the pulse repetition rate. The second group of HML lasers in this classification is attractive for the scientific community due to the automatic arrangement of strongly periodic pulse pattern in the laser cavity through pulse repulsion. However, it is difficult to specify the mechanism of pulse repulsion for each case. It can be based on interaction through saturating and relaxing dissipative parameters, continuous-wave (CW) radiation component, dispersion waves, or acoustic waves induced by electrostriction, etc. A common feature of all interaction induced effects is low intensity, in many cases only slightly exceeding the noise level. The noise-induced fluctuations in the time interval of the HML pulse train are known as HML timing jitter, and its value is significantly higher than the timing jitter in lasers operating at fundamental frequency. It is a major drawback of the HML laser technology. We report the stabilizing frequency shift effect in harmonic mode-locking ring soliton fiber laser that is studied theoretically and numerically. We demonstrate that the frequency shift contributes to an increase in the hardness of interpulse interactions and can led to stabilization of the periodic arrangement of pulses. The experiment carried out confirms the theoretical predictions and the results of numerical simulation.
Ulyanovsk State Univ. (Russian Federation), Univ. of Mons (Belgium)
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