Enhanced second-harmonic generation by single metal–insulator multilayered nanocavities with axial symmetry resonating in the near-infrared
We report efficient second-harmonic emission by single multilayer metal–dielectric nanocavities. Engineering the intrinsic interface-induced symmetry breaking by resonant optical absorption design, allows to achieve almost two orders of magnitude higher second-harmonic generation efficiency compared to gold nanostructures with the same geometry. We estimate a second-order nonlinear susceptibility of the order of 1 pm/V, which is comparable to widely used nonlinear crystals. We envision that our system, which combines the advantages of both plasmonic and dielectric materials, might enable the realization of composite nano-systems for an efficient multi-purpose manipulation of nonlinear optical processes at the nanoscale.
Univ. du Luxembourg (Luxembourg)