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SPIE Professional April 2010: Web Extra

Spotlight on SPIE Fellows in Europe

By Kathy Sheehan

The new class of 62 SPIE Fellows includes 13 Europeans who have conducted groundbreaking research in lens design for cinematography, diffractive optics, optical pattern recognition, 3D imaging, organic photovoltaics, immersion and EUV lithography, astrobiology, astronomical instruments, and the emerging field of bacterial paleontology.

Of these 13 new SPIE Fellows, eight work at top European universities, many collaborating with the leading photonics companies and labs in Europe to transfer cutting-edge technologies into products and processes for industrial, biomedical, consumer, and defense applications. One, Brian MacCraith, will become president of Dublin City University in July.

The other five are involved with research and design for government and industry.

Representing Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland, Spain, Switzerland, Moldova, Russia, the Netherlands, and the UK, they are being honored for their technical achievements in light-based research and for their service to SPIE and the optics and photonics community in general.

New Fellows are recognized at SPIE meetings of their choice throughout the year. In April, Francis Berghmans, professor of applied physics and photonics at Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Belgium, will receive his SPIE Fellow certificate at SPIE Photonics Europe where he will preside as general symposium chair.

SPIE Professional will highlight the achievements of several groups of Fellows during the year.

Chantal AndraudChantal Andraud, France

Chantal Andraud heads the Chemistry for Optics team at École Normale Supérieure de Lyon in France, is a director of research for the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), and is a member of the SPIE Symposia Committee.

She was nominated for achievements in nonlinear optics and for her innovative molecular engineering for two-photon absorption (2PA) applications. Her original approaches lead to the development of excitonic coupling interactions within oligomers for optical power limiting in the visible range, the invention of the first 2PA optical power limiters for telecommunications wavelengths, and demonstration of 2PA microscopy imaging, based on lanthanide complexes in the transparency windows of biological tissues (NIR excitation and emission) for thick tissues imaging. She has also developed highly efficient 2PA initiators for 3D microfabrication using low-power microlasers.

She shares four patents with colleagues.

Jon BenschopJos Benschop, the Netherlands

Jos Benschop is vice president of research and chairman of technology policy for ASML in the Netherlands and associate editor for the SPIE Journal of Microlithography, Microfabrication, and Microsystems.

Benschop has made substantial contributions to the lithography community, including his involvement with development of the first full-field water immersion wafer scanner in 2003, which has subsequently enabled the manufacture of dense microprocessors and memories at 45nm and below. Benschop was also responsible for development of CD-Erasable and CD-Recordable technology while at Philips in the 1980s and 1990s and was an early leader in defining ASML's role in EUV lithography.

Benschop is a leader in the greater optics community, as well, including as member of the Physics Council of the Royal Dutch Academy of Science, member of the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter Board of Governors, and member of the advisory board for the Dutch Society of Technology.

Francis BerghmansFrancis Berghmans, Belgium

In addition to chairing SPIE Photonics Europe, being held in Brussels 12-16 April, Berghmans organizes the "Hot Topics in Photonics" sessions and serves on the SPIE European Advisory Committee and the SPIE Symposia Committee.

Berghmans' multidisciplinary research interests at VUB have centered around the integration of novel optical measurement technologies in nuclear industrial environments and optical fiber sensor devices. His research on the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor advanced the understanding of the interaction between radiation and glass.

Berghmans's work on the effects of ionizing radiation included the first research on the effects of gamma radiation on three types of fiber-optic temperature sensors and fibre Bragg gratings. He also developed a spatial fiber-optic sensor multiplexing system utilizing a liquid crystal optical switching mechanism, and completed the first detailed research on the effects of radiation on nematic liquid crystals. His current research is focused on properties of optical sensors relying on photonic crystal fibers.

Berghmans coordinates the EU FP7 project "PHOSFOS - Photonic Skins for Optical Sensing." He is deputy head of the work package dealing with ethical, regulatory, and reliability issues of the EU FP7 Network of Excellence "Photonics4Life," and he serves on the executive board of the EU FP6 "Network of Excellence on Micro-Optics - NEMO."

Berghmans is author/co-author of 66 Science Citation Index publications in peer-reviewed international journals, and of more than 130 publications in international conference proceedings.

Pieter BijlPieter Bijl, the Netherlands

Pieter Bijl is a research associate at TNO Defense, Security & Safety in the Netherlands, has been a member of the program committee for the IR Imaging Systems conference at SPIE Defense, Security+Sensing since 2001, and is a reviewer for Optical Engineering.

He specializes in night-vision devices and technologies, signal processing, electro-optical infrared sensor performance, and target acquisition modeling for the Dutch Ministry of Defence. His research on target acquisition, object recognition, and visual search has focused on quantifying the human visual system and brain interaction. His specialization of electro-optical/infrared sensor performance with the human-in-the-loop uses a multi-disciplinary approach and integrates knowledge from sensor technology, perception, and human factors. This field has become a basic part of image system design and a cornerstone of modern target acquisition modeling.

His test equipment for the visual, thermal, and X-ray is also used by leading U.S. and Chinese labs. Working in the Human Interfaces Department of TNO, Bijl integrates knowledge on human perception and visual information processing with the latest information on sensor and imaging technologies.

Many of his developments have found wide application. These include the triangle orientation discrimination method (TOD), which can be used to specify and assess sensor performance in the laboratory with the human-in-the-loop, predict laboratory sensor performance, and predict target acquisition field performance for real target sets. The TOD has been validated for applications such as staring array and scanning camera systems including CCD cameras, thermal imagers, and x-ray screening systems.

Juan CamposJuan Campos, Spain

Juan Campos is head of the optics group in the Physics Department at Universidad Autonoma de Barcelona, has served on the organizing or program committees for several SPIE conferences, and has worked actively to promote optics research and education in South America and Morocco.

Campos has contributed to the field in the areas of optical pattern recognition, modeling of liquid crystal panels, and development of 3D deflectometry metrology. His collaborative projects have resulted in the design of non-uniform pupils in optical systems to modify different parameters of the image; the application of apodizers in photolithography; introduction of color information in optical pattern recognition; and numerical methods to obtain the surface profile from deflectometry data.

SPIE 2009 president Maria Yzuel was his supervisor for his master's thesis in computer generated holography and his PHD thesis in the use of non-uniform pupil filters in optical systems.

Colin CunninghamColin Cunningham, UK

Colin Cunningham is the director of the Extremely Large Telescope (ELT) Programme in the UK and has chaired and co-chaired the SPIE Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation Symposium.

He has enabled new discoveries of the universe through his work as a project manager, engineer, and director on several high-profile European telescope and astronomical imaging projects. They include the ELT, the Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array (SCUBA) for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope, the SPIRE instrument for the Hershel Space Observatory, and the James Webb Space Telescope. He has been responsible for knowledge transfer at the UK Astronomy Technology Centre (ATC) in Edinburgh and successfully generated funding for collaborative academic industrial projects, much of it based on transfer of adaptive optics from astronomy to industrial and medical applications. Cunningham will receive his SPIE Fellow certificate at SPIE Astronomical Instrumentation in June.

Philippe LaLannePhilippe LaLanne, France

Philippe LaLanne is a director of research at the National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), assigned to the Charles Fabry Lab at the Institut d'Optique in Orsay, France. He has chaired and been a committee member of several SPIE conferences on nanoscience and engineering and written extensively for SPIE and others on diffractive optics, nanophotonics, and Bragg mirror design.

LaLanne's research is mainly in the fields of optoelectronic analog devices, hybrid interconnect systems, algorithms/architectures for parallel optical processing, diffraction, grating and waveguide theories, artificial materials, subwavelength structures, light-matter interaction in photonic-bandgap microcavities, and plasmonic devices, and he has made seminal contributions to the modeling methods and physical understanding of optical nanostructures.

Brian MacCraithBrian MacCraith, Ireland

Brian MacCraith, incoming president of Dublin City University, has been director of the Biomedical Diagnostics Institute where he has advanced sensor research and created university-industry collaborations for development of new technologies. His service to SPIE has included membership on several conference committees, organizing and co-chairing the Opto Ireland Conference in 2002 and 2005, and presenting or co-authoring some 70 papers at SPIE conferences.

MacCraith has played a pioneering role in the application of sol-gel technology to optical chemical sensors, the development of evanescent wave sensors in planar waveguide and fibre-optic configurations, and the development of tunable oxygen sensor materials and instrumentation.

He has 12 patents or patent applications and has published 140 scientific papers.

Manuel Martinez-CorralManuel Martinez-Corral, Spain

Manuel Martinez-Corral is professor of optics at University of Valencia in Spain where he leads the 3D Diffraction and Imaging Group. He has given plenary talks at SPIE Security+Defence and Optics East, and is the organizer of the Focus on Microscopy conference.

His has contributed to the development of systems for acquisition and display of 3D images by multi-perspective method, and he invented a telecentric relay for optimization of the recording process.

Iain NeilIain Neil, Switzerland

Academy Award winner Iain Neil is an optical consultant and founder of Scot Optix in Switzerland who has given plenary talks on optical design at SPIE Optics+Photonics and SPIE Optical Systems Design.

His principal field of work is optical design, assembly, and testing of high performance visual and infrared lenses, especially zooms. At Panavision, where he was employed for 18 years, he designed and developed the Primo series of spherical and anamorphic lenses, both fixed focal length and zooms, video systems, viewfinder optics, HDTV optical systems, and compound zoom lenses. He has won 11 Academy Awards for scientific and technical achievement and two Emmy awards. See a video of Neil and his work.

Veacheslav PerjuVeacheslav Perju, Moldova

Veacheslav Perju, professor of information technology at Technical University of Moldova, founded the SPIE chapter in Moldova in 1966 and served as its executive director and/or vice president for many years.

Serving also as the dean of Informatics and Engineering at the Free University of Moldova, Perju has been instrumental in obtaining research funding for many other scientists and engineers in Moldova, most notably from the U.S. Civilian Research Development Fund for optoelectronics systems and devices for security and defense. His own research into facial and fingerprint recognition, reconfigurable optical/digital processors whose parameters can be varied, and other advanced technologies has resulted in new classes of optoelectronic systems with improved reliability and productivity.

Alexei RozanovAlexei Rozanov, Russia

Alexei Rozanov, called the father of the emerging field of bacterial paleontology, is academician and director of the Borissiak Paleontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences and professor of paleontology at Moscow State University. He has chaired 12 SPIE astrobiology conferences and authored numerous papers for SPIE conferences.

He pioneered the use of optical and scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy analysis instruments and methods to study fossil bacterial in ancient terrestrial rocks and astromaterials. His discovery of small shelly fossils from the Basal Cambrian strata of the Siberian Platform was a significant breakthrough in pre-Cambrian-Cambrian geology and stratigraphy.

Niyazi Serdar SariciftciNiyazi Serdar Sariciftci, Austria

Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci, founder and director of the Linzer Institute for Organic Solar Cells (LIOS) and professor of physical chemistry at Austria's Johannes Kepler University of Linz, has established several high-tech spinoffs based on his research with organic photovoltaics and spectroscopy. They include Konarka Austria (formerly QSEL), Prelonic GesmbH, and NanoIdent AG.

His 1992 report of evidence for efficient photo-induced electron transfer from the excited state of a conducting polymer onto fullerenes laid the foundation for the development of organic polymeric solar cells. The research work was published in the journal Science and has been cited more than 11,000 times.

His other major contributions are in the fields of photoinduced optical, magnetic resonance, and transport phenomena in semiconducting and metallic polymers.

He is a frequent plenary, keynote, and invited speaker at SPIE symposiums such as Photonics West, Photonics Europe, and Optics+Photonics, and he has served as session chair and program committee member for numerous SPIE conferences. Sariciftci is a plenary speaker at SPIE Optics+Photonics in August 2010, speaking on "Organic and Hybrid Nanostructures for Solar Energy Conversion: From Photovoltaic Electricity to Synthetic Fuels using CO2 Recycling."

He was awarded the Turkish National Science Prize in 2006 and has more than 400 scientific publications, five books, and eight patents.

Write to us at spieprofessional@spie.org.   

DOI: 10.1117/2.4201004.08

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