While the modern era of chemical warfare began over 100 years ago, armies have been using toxic gases, biological threats, as well as incendiary and explosive devices for most of recorded history. The threats of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) hazards continue to advance. However, warring parties with limited resources improvise or reuse older technologies with great effect. Today’s military and homeland protection forces must therefore be prepared for a wide range of threats. The global trend for civil war and internal conflict, especially in large cities, increases the probability that industrialized chemicals could intentionally or accidentally become a hazard to military and security forces or local civilian populations. A greater proliferation through the internet of the knowledge necessary to make CBRNE threats, coupled with the trends of rapid innovation and improvisation witnessed in recent global conflicts, will make threat prediction difficult. The non-attribution of strategic CBRNE acts will also make a response difficult without a strong reliance on forensics to narrow down or identify the person(s) or group(s) responsible.

For the CBRNE defense community trying to develop detection capabilities for military, security, and emergency response forces, the current and future strategic environment means that there are literally thousands of lethal materials that can be used as weapons. The sensing of CBRNE threats is important to obtain “real-time” answers that allow actionable decisions to be made on-the-spot; to reduce the logistical burden by moving the analysis closer to the source of the sample; to rapidly screen materials to identify samples that need to be sent to a lab for additional analysis and minimize the number of these samples; and to nondestructively analyze large, valuable, or immovable objects for which excising samples is not possible. Furthermore, defense communities around the world are increasingly interested in offloading forward decision making and analysis from soldiers to software which increases the need for more robust and accurate signal processing development enabling greater trust in detection outputs as the trend towards autonomous sensing continues.

In addition to protecting against battlefield CBRNE threats, there is an increasing demand to protect borders, ports, and other geographical points of entry, from the emergent threats of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), homemade explosives (HMEs), nuclear devices, radiological dispersal devices, and illicit narcotics. These threats have elevated the importance of technologies for the reliable detection, classification, and identification of asymmetric threats. The scientific principles behind many CBRNE detection technologies are similar, despite their diverse application areas. Technologies such as laser induced fluorescence, Raman and infrared spectroscopy, LIBS/LIPS, colorimetrics, mass spectrometry, chromatography, specifically labeled antibodies, DNA/RNA extraction and analysis, biomimetic sensors, micromechanical and microelectrical devices have found recent applications in chemical, biological, radiological and explosives sensing. In addition, methods for electro-optical biological monitoring and biomarker sensing technologies are needed to quantify and detect physical and health indicators of exposure to CBRNE materials. Also, new and sophisticated radiation detection systems are needed for better protection of military personnel and civilians from radiological threats. All of this is supported by advances in algorithms for sensor signal and data processing, including signal detection and sensor fusion.

This conference provides an unprecedented forum for authors from Government, industry, and academia to address a wide variety of CBRNE sensing issues, technologies, and advances in algorithms and signal process of threat related scenarios. Suggested topics for presentation include, but are not limited to: ;
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Conference SI213

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and Explosives (CBRNE) Sensing XXIII

This conference has an open call for papers:
Abstract Due: 6 October 2021
Author Notification: 3 December 2021
Manuscript Due: 9 March 2022
While the modern era of chemical warfare began over 100 years ago, armies have been using toxic gases, biological threats, as well as incendiary and explosive devices for most of recorded history. The threats of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) hazards continue to advance. However, warring parties with limited resources improvise or reuse older technologies with great effect. Today’s military and homeland protection forces must therefore be prepared for a wide range of threats. The global trend for civil war and internal conflict, especially in large cities, increases the probability that industrialized chemicals could intentionally or accidentally become a hazard to military and security forces or local civilian populations. A greater proliferation through the internet of the knowledge necessary to make CBRNE threats, coupled with the trends of rapid innovation and improvisation witnessed in recent global conflicts, will make threat prediction difficult. The non-attribution of strategic CBRNE acts will also make a response difficult without a strong reliance on forensics to narrow down or identify the person(s) or group(s) responsible.

For the CBRNE defense community trying to develop detection capabilities for military, security, and emergency response forces, the current and future strategic environment means that there are literally thousands of lethal materials that can be used as weapons. The sensing of CBRNE threats is important to obtain “real-time” answers that allow actionable decisions to be made on-the-spot; to reduce the logistical burden by moving the analysis closer to the source of the sample; to rapidly screen materials to identify samples that need to be sent to a lab for additional analysis and minimize the number of these samples; and to nondestructively analyze large, valuable, or immovable objects for which excising samples is not possible. Furthermore, defense communities around the world are increasingly interested in offloading forward decision making and analysis from soldiers to software which increases the need for more robust and accurate signal processing development enabling greater trust in detection outputs as the trend towards autonomous sensing continues.

In addition to protecting against battlefield CBRNE threats, there is an increasing demand to protect borders, ports, and other geographical points of entry, from the emergent threats of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), homemade explosives (HMEs), nuclear devices, radiological dispersal devices, and illicit narcotics. These threats have elevated the importance of technologies for the reliable detection, classification, and identification of asymmetric threats. The scientific principles behind many CBRNE detection technologies are similar, despite their diverse application areas. Technologies such as laser induced fluorescence, Raman and infrared spectroscopy, LIBS/LIPS, colorimetrics, mass spectrometry, chromatography, specifically labeled antibodies, DNA/RNA extraction and analysis, biomimetic sensors, micromechanical and microelectrical devices have found recent applications in chemical, biological, radiological and explosives sensing. In addition, methods for electro-optical biological monitoring and biomarker sensing technologies are needed to quantify and detect physical and health indicators of exposure to CBRNE materials. Also, new and sophisticated radiation detection systems are needed for better protection of military personnel and civilians from radiological threats. All of this is supported by advances in algorithms for sensor signal and data processing, including signal detection and sensor fusion.

This conference provides an unprecedented forum for authors from Government, industry, and academia to address a wide variety of CBRNE sensing issues, technologies, and advances in algorithms and signal process of threat related scenarios. Suggested topics for presentation include, but are not limited to:
  • unmanned and/or autonomous ground or aerial CBRNE detection
  • novel virus and bacterial detection and diagnostic methods
  • Intelligent Detection Systems supported by AI developments
  • Micro deployable sensors & accompanying networks
  • novel CBRNE detection modalities and materials
  • wearable and/or miniature sensors for CBRNE threats
  • gamma and neutron detection techniques
  • stand-off detection of ionizing radiation
  • integrated photonic applications for CBRNE threats
  • biological surveillance and monitoring, methods, and analysis
  • through barrier detection techniques for CBRNE sensing of hidden threats
  • quantum sensing applications for CBRNE detection
  • machine learning for detection and identification
  • low signal-to-noise or clutter processing for background removal/clutter rejection
  • signal processing and data analytics for detection and identification
  • modeling of sensor phenomenology and performance
  • Signature collection and characterization of CBRNE hazards
  • environmental monitoring/fate and transport of CBRNE or hazardous materials
  • biologically inspired or biomimetic CBRNE sensors
  • field demonstration results/status of laboratory testing (live or attenuated agents, simulants).
Conference Chair
DEVCOM Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)
Conference Chair
Defence Science and Technology Lab. (United Kingdom)
Program Committee
DEVCOM Army Research Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
Johns Hopkins Univ. Applied Physics Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
DEVCOM Chemical Biological Ctr. (United States)
Program Committee
Univ. of South Carolina (United States)
Program Committee
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
Lars Landström
FOI-Swedish Defence Research Agency (Sweden)
Program Committee
Aaron LaPointe
DEVCOM C5ISR (United States)
Program Committee
Morgan Minyard
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (United States)
Program Committee
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (United States)
Program Committee
DEVCOM Army Research Lab. (United States)
Additional Information