Anaheim Convention Center
Anaheim, California, United States
26 - 30 April 2020
Conference SI222
Situation Awareness in Degraded Environments 2020
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Abstract Due:
16 October 2019

Author Notification:
20 December 2019

Manuscript Due Date:
1 April 2020

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Conference Chairs
Program Committee
Program Committee continued...
Call for
Papers are sought on all aspects of Situation Awareness in Degraded Environments. Applications include both civilian and military operations of both air and surface vehicles.

Degraded Visual Environments (DVE) are described as obscurants which reduce operator visibility such as smoke, haze, fog, dust, rain, snow, or reduced illumination (night). Vehicle structure which reduces direct external viewing (e.g. embedded cockpits or armored vehicles) represents another form of DVE. Degraded Environments also include Electro-Magnetic Effects (EME) such as GPS jamming or denial and degraded radio frequency environments (loss of communications). Optical degradation includes the effects of dazzlers or laser illumination. Papers discussing Phenomenology of Degraded Environments and Sensing for pilotage, targeting, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR), threat detection, and other functions are sought.

Factors which support situation awareness include sensing (both on-board and off-board sensors), databases (e.g. terrain and cultural features), sensor processing (fusion, stitching, feature extraction and threat detection), data integration, display, and human factors. The intersection of data integration, display, and human factors is of interest to support human situation awareness and decision making in high tempo operations with many near simultaneous events which could lead to high operator workload. Papers are invited which explore concepts for collaboration of manned-unmanned teaming to extend sensor range and provided improved situation awareness. This includes multi-ship operations (including combinations of manned and unmanned vehicles) and maintenance of a Common Operating Picture (COP). It also includes system concepts which couple sensor processing directly to vehicle control systems.

Also seeking papers on: Distributed Aperture Systems (DAS) supporting 360 degree vision and multiple users with simultaneous, independent viewing angles, the use of Head Mounted Displays (HMDs), and the use of intelligent agents to augment human cognition are of interest; Combined Vision Systems (CVS) consisting of live and synthetic vision; multi-use sensors (targeting, self-protection and threat warning, and pilotage); advanced perception and human interface technologies including 3D displays, haptic and other novel interface technologies.

Additional topics of interest but not limited to:

DVE Operations
  • operational surveys, studies, and trials
  • flight qualification and certification issues
  • operations through DVE weather, smoke, and other obscurants
  • windowless cockpits
  • runway and taxiway following
  • runway incursions, collision avoidance
  • automated landing systems
  • development of DVE system requirements: methodology and results.
DVE-Penetrating Sensors and Systems
  • enhanced, low-light CCD
  • long-wave, mid-wave, and short-wave infrared
  • active millimeter-wave radar
  • passive millimeter-wave imaging
  • terahertz imaging for obscurant penetration
  • obscurant penetrating 3D lidar
  • night vision, color night vision
  • weather radar exploitation
  • sensor operation and control
  • multi-band/multi-phenomenology approaches
  • dual- or multi-use sensors
  • sensor, weather, and environmental effect simulation
  • airport surface characterization at low-grazing angles (MMW effects)
  • phenomenology.
Sensor Processing Algorithms, Architectures, and Capabilities
  • image enhancement, registration, exploitation
  • multispectral image fusion, feature extraction, obstacle and wire detection
  • coupling sensor processing to vehicle control systems
  • dangerous weather identification (microburst, wind shear, etc.)
  • airport, runway, and taxiway feature matching
  • world-conformal display alignment methods
  • system latencies, refresh rates
  • architectures for sensor and information management and distribution
  • terrain and obstacle database management, including sensor driven real-time updating
  • database acquisition, generation, verification, certification, formats
  • efficient rendering techniques for terrain and high volume ladar/lidar data
  • embedded graphics systems, multicore GPU algorithm acceleration.
Display Systems and Presentation Formats
  • head-up, head-down, head-worn display formats
  • heads up/eyes out flight information and formats
  • 360° viewing, picture-in-picture windows
  • photo-realistic display, 3D stereo display formats
  • augmented and virtual reality displays
  • value and limitations of color information display
  • dynamic perspective flight guidance, 4D pathway, highway in the sky
  • flight-management and planning systems integration
  • electronic Flight Bag integration
  • information management, integration, and presentation
  • human perception capabilities.
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