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Proceedings Paper

Cost-effective approaches for high-resolution bioimaging by time-stretched confocal microscopy at 1um
Author(s): Terence T. W. Wong; Yi Qiu; Andy K. S. Lau; JingJiang Xu; Antony C. S. Chan; Kenneth K. Y. Wong; Kevin K. Tsia
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Paper Abstract

Optical imaging based on time-stretch process has recently been proven as a powerful tool for delivering ultra-high frame rate (< 1MHz) which is not achievable by the conventional image sensors. Together with the capability of optical image amplification for overcoming the trade-off between detection sensitivity and speed, this new imaging modality is particularly valuable in high-throughput biomedical diagnostic practice, e.g. imaging flow cytometry. The ultra-high frame rate in time-stretch imaging is attained by two key enabling elements: dispersive fiber providing the time-stretch process via group-velocity-dispersion (GVD), and electronic digitizer. It is well-known that many biophotonic applications favor the spectral window of ~1μm. However, reasonably high GVD (< 0.1 ns/nm) in this range can only be achieved by using specialty single-mode fiber (SMF) at 1μm. Moreover, the ultrafast detection has to rely on the state-of- the-art digitizer with significantly wide-bandwidth and high sampling rate (e.g. <10 GHz, <40 GS/s). These stringent requirements imply the prohibitively high-cost of the system and hinder its practical use in biomedical diagnostics. We here demonstrate two cost-effective approaches for realizing time-stretch confocal microscopy at 1μm: (i) using the standard telecommunication SMF (e.g. SMF28) to act as a few-mode fiber (FMF) at 1μm for the time-stretch process, and (ii) implementing the pixel super-resolution (SR) algorithm to restore the high-resolution (HR) image when using a lower-bandwidth digitizer. By using a FMF (with a GVD of ~ 0.15ns/nm) and a modified pixel-SR algorithm, we can achieve time-stretch confocal microscopy at 1μm with cellular resolution (~ 3μm) at a frame rate 1 MHz.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 December 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8553, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics V, 85531P (11 December 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.999833
Show Author Affiliations
Terence T. W. Wong, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
Yi Qiu, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
Andy K. S. Lau, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
JingJiang Xu, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
Antony C. S. Chan, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
Kenneth K. Y. Wong, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)
Kevin K. Tsia, The Univ. of Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8553:
Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics V
Qingming Luo; Ying Gu; Xingde D. Li, Editor(s)

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