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Proceedings Paper

Infrared detection, recognition and identification of handheld objects
Author(s): Uwe Adomeit
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Paper Abstract

A main criterion for comparison and selection of thermal imagers for military applications is their nominal range performance. This nominal range performance is calculated for a defined task and standardized target and environmental conditions. The only standardization available to date is STANAG 4347. The target defined there is based on a main battle tank in front view. Because of modified military requirements, this target is no longer up-to-date. Today, different topics of interest are of interest, especially differentiation between friend and foe and identification of humans. There is no direct way to differentiate between friend and foe in asymmetric scenarios, but one clue can be that someone is carrying a weapon. This clue can be transformed in the observer tasks detection: a person is carrying or is not carrying an object, recognition: the object is a long / medium / short range weapon or civil equipment and identification: the object can be named (e. g. AK-47, M-4, G36, RPG7, Axe, Shovel etc.). These tasks can be assessed experimentally and from the results of such an assessment, a standard target for handheld objects may be derived. For a first assessment, a human carrying 13 different handheld objects in front of his chest was recorded at four different ranges with an IR-dual-band camera. From the recorded data, a perception experiment was prepared. It was conducted with 17 observers in a 13-alternative forced choice, unlimited observation time arrangement. The results of the test together with Minimum Temperature Difference Perceived measurements of the camera and temperature difference and critical dimension derived from the recorded imagery allowed defining a first standard target according to the above tasks. This standard target consist of 2.5 / 3.5 / 5 DRI line pairs on target, 0.24 m critical size and 1 K temperature difference. The values are preliminary and have to be refined in the future. Necessary are different aspect angles, different carriage and movement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8541, Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications IX, 85410O (24 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.979288
Show Author Affiliations
Uwe Adomeit, Fraunhofer-Institut für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8541:
Electro-Optical and Infrared Systems: Technology and Applications IX
David A. Huckridge; Reinhard R. Ebert, Editor(s)

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