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Proceedings Paper • Open Access

Integrated luminescent chemical microsensors based on GaN LEDs for security applications using smartphones
Author(s): Guillermo Orellana; Elias Muñoz; Luz K. Gil-Herrera; Pablo Muñoz; Juan Lopez-Gejo; Carlos Palacio

Paper Abstract

Development of PCB-integrateable microsensors for monitoring chemical species is a goal in areas such as lab-on-a-chip analytical devices, diagnostics medicine and electronics for hand-held instruments where the device size is a major issue. Cellular phones have pervaded the world inhabitants and their usefulness has dramatically increased with the introduction of smartphones due to a combination of amazing processing power in a confined space, geolocalization and manifold telecommunication features. Therefore, a number of physical and chemical sensors that add value to the terminal for health monitoring, personal safety (at home, at work) and, eventually, national security have started to be developed, capitalizing also on the huge number of circulating cell phones. The chemical sensor-enabled “super” smartphone provides a unique (bio)sensing platform for monitoring airborne or waterborne hazardous chemicals or microorganisms for both single user and crowdsourcing security applications. Some of the latest ones are illustrated by a few examples. Moreover, we have recently achieved for the first time (covalent) functionalization of p- and n-GaN semiconductor surfaces with tuneable luminescent indicator dyes of the Ru-polypyridyl family, as a key step in the development of innovative microsensors for smartphone applications. Chemical “sensoring” of GaN-based blue LED chips with those indicators has also been achieved by plasma treatment of their surface, and the micrometer-sized devices have been tested to monitor O2 in the gas phase to show their full functionality. Novel strategies to enhance the sensor sensitivity such as changing the length and nature of the siloxane buffer layer are discussed in this paper.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8545, Optical Materials and Biomaterials in Security and Defence Systems Technology IX, 85450J (19 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.975312
Show Author Affiliations
Guillermo Orellana, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain)
Elias Muñoz, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Luz K. Gil-Herrera, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain)
Pablo Muñoz, Univ. Politécnica de Madrid (Spain)
Juan Lopez-Gejo, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain)
Carlos Palacio, Univ. Autónoma de Madrid (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8545:
Optical Materials and Biomaterials in Security and Defence Systems Technology IX
Roberto Zamboni; François Kajzar; Attila A. Szep, Editor(s)

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