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Proceedings Paper

ALOS-2 development status and draft acquisition strategy
Author(s): Shinichi Suzuki; Yukihiro Kankaku; Yuji Osawa
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Paper Abstract

The Advanced Land Observing Satellite-2 (ALOS-2) will succeed to the radar mission of the ALOS “Daichi” which had contributed to cartography, regional observation, disaster monitoring, and earth resources surveys for more than 5 years until its termination of operation in May 2011. The state-of-the-art L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) called PALSAR-2 onboard ALOS-2 will have enhanced performance in both high resolution (1m * 3m at finest in the Spotlight mode) and wide swath (up to 490km in the ScanSAR wide mode), compared to ALOS/PALSAR. Wider bandwidth and shorter revisit time will give better conference for INSAR data analysis such as crustal deformation and deforestation. The SAR antenna consists of 5 panels with total 1,080 radiation elements which are driven by 180 Transmit-Receive-Modules in order to steer and form a beam in both range and azimuth direction. In order to reduce range ambiguities,PALSAR-2 is capable to transmit up or down chirp signal alternatively and has phase modulation with zero or pi as well. The Proto Flight Model of ALOS-2 including PALSAR-2 is under integration and testing at JAXA’s Tsukuba Space Center. From experiences of the ALOS operation, a systematic observation strategy to achieve consistent data acquisitions in time and space was crucial. Since more observation modes of PALSAR-2 than those of PALSAR may trigger more conflicts among user requests, a basic observation scenario must be prepared to fulfill the mission requirements. This paper describes the current development status of ALOS-2 and a draft acquisition strategy for PALSAR-2.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 November 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8533, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVI, 85330A (19 November 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.973708
Show Author Affiliations
Shinichi Suzuki, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Yukihiro Kankaku, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)
Yuji Osawa, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8533:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites XVI
Roland Meynart; Steven P. Neeck; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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