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Proceedings Paper

Semireal Time Monitoring Of The Functional Movements Of The Mandible
Author(s): Robert J. Isaacson; Sheldon Baumrind; Sean Curry; Robert A. Molthen
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Paper Abstract

Many branches of dental practice would benefit from the availability of a relatively accurate, precise, and efficient method for monitoring the movements of the human mandible during function. Mechanical analog systems have been utilized in the past but these are difficult to quantify, have limited accuracy due to frictional resistance of the components, and contain information only on the borders of the envelopes of possible movement of the landmarks measured (rather than on the functional paths of the landmarks which lie within their envelopes). Those electronic solutions which have been attempted thus far have been prohibitively expensive and time consuming for clinical use, have had lag times between data acquisition and display, or have involved such restrictions of freedom of motion as to render ambiguous the meaning of the data obtained. We report work aimed at developing a relatively non-restrictive semi-real time acoustical system for monitoring the functional movement of the mandible relative to the rest of the head. A set of three sparking devices is mounted to the mandibular component of a light, relatively non-constraining extra-oral harness and another set of three sparkers is attached to the harness' cranial or skull component. The sparkers are fired sequentially by a multiplexer and the sound associated with each firing is recorded by an array of three or more microphones. Computations based on the known speed of sound are used to evaluate the distances between the sparkers and the microphones. These data can then be transformed by computer to provide numeric or graphic information on the movement of selected mandibular landmarks with respect to the skull. Total elapsed time between the firing of the sparkers and the display of graphic information need not exceed 30-60 seconds using even a relatively modest modern computer.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 July 1983
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 0361, Biostereometrics '82, (12 July 1983); doi: 10.1117/12.965994
Show Author Affiliations
Robert J. Isaacson, University of California at San Francisco (United States)
Sheldon Baumrind, University of California at San Francisco (United States)
Sean Curry, University of California at San Francisco (United States)
Robert A. Molthen, University of California at San Francisco (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0361:
Biostereometrics '82
Robin E. Herron, Editor(s)

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