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Proceedings Paper

Development Of Calcium Lanthanum Sulfide As An 8-12 Um Transmitting Ceramic
Author(s): Josephine Covino; Daniel C. Harris; Marian E. Hills; Richard T. Loda; Robert W. Schwartz
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Paper Abstract

Calcium lanthanum sulfide (nominally CaLa2S4) has been under development for almost 4 years as an 8-12 μm transmitting ceramic. During that time, by concentrating the effort on optimizing the optical properties of this material, the absorption coefficient at 10.6 um has been decreased from 40 cm-1 to 0.6 cm-1. Most of the present absorption is thought to be extrinsic. Studies this year have dealt with a number of areas. One of these studies was an attempt to determine the cause of the remaining extrinsic absorption. During the course of this investigation, the presence of additional phases, including calcium sulfide (CaS), has been noted. The presence of CaS is somewhat surprising as all material investigated was 12-30 mole percent calcium deficient. Point defects and "trace" impurities have also been observed. These have been characterized using electron paramagnetic resonance and excitation/emission spectroscopies. Some of the defects and impurities have been identified and their location in either calcium lanthanum sulfide or second phase CaS determined. The possible effects of these defects and impurities on the observed infrared absorption of calcium lanthanum sulfide ceramics will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 December 1984
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 0505, Advances in Optical Materials, (26 December 1984); doi: 10.1117/12.964624
Show Author Affiliations
Josephine Covino, Naval Weapons Center (United States)
Daniel C. Harris, Naval Weapons Center (United States)
Marian E. Hills, Naval Weapons Center (United States)
Richard T. Loda, Naval Weapons Center (United States)
Robert W. Schwartz, Naval Weapons Center (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0505:
Advances in Optical Materials
Solomon Musikant, Editor(s)

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