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Proceedings Paper

Measurement Sensitivity Of Liquid Droplet Parameters Using Optical Fibers
Author(s): A. K. Das; A. K. Mandal
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Paper Abstract

A new clad probing technique is used to measure the size, number, refractive index and viscosity of liquid droplets sprayed from a pressure nozzle on an uncoated core-clad fiber. The probe monitors the clad mode power loss within the leaky ray zone represented as a three region fiber. Liquid droplets measured are Glycerine, commercial grade Turpentine, Linseed oil and some oil mixtures. The measurement sensitivity depends on probing conditions and clad diameter which is observed experimentally and verified analytically. A maximum sensitivity is obtained for the tapered probe-fiber diameter made equal to the clad thickness. A slowly tapered probe-fiber and a small end angle as well as separation of the sensor-fiber and the probe-fiber further improve the sensitivity. Under the best probing condition for 90-percent Glycerine droplets of - 50 micron diameter and a 50/125 micron sensor fiber with clad refractive index of 1.465 and 0.2 NA, the measured sensitivity per drop is 0.015 and 0.006 dB, respectively, for (10-20) and (100-200) droplets. Sensitivities for different systems are shown. The sensitivity is optimized by choosing proper fiber for known liquids.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 1990
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1169, Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (13 February 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.963079
Show Author Affiliations
A. K. Das, Jadavpur University (India)
A. K. Mandal, Jadavpur University (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1169:
Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII
Ramon P. DePaula; Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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