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Proceedings Paper

Fiber Optic Bragg Grating Sensors
Author(s): W. W. Morey; G. Meltz; W. H. Glenn
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Paper Abstract

This paper describes a new method that we have developed to generate Bragg grating filters in germania-doped communication fibers and discusses their applications as sensors. The gratings are formed by exposing a short section of the core, through the side of the fiber, to an interference pattern of intersecting coherent beams of UV light. A permanent periodic index modulation is produced by the interference fringes. It forms a phase grating which acts as a band rejection filter, passing wavelengths that are not in resonance with the grating and strongly reflecting wavelengths which satisfy the Bragg condition. The grating wavelength is sensitive to changes temperature and strain. Measurements of the shift in Bragg wavelength with these quantities are reported and compared with computed estimates of the sensitivity. A large number of independent gratings can be easily written along a length of fiber to make a distributed sensor system. We have also demonstrated that Bragg gratings can wavelength tune laser diodes, which could be used for detecting the wavelength shift of the Bragg sensors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 1990
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 1169, Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII, (13 February 1990); doi: 10.1117/12.963022
Show Author Affiliations
W. W. Morey, United Technologies Research Center (United States)
G. Meltz, United Technologies Research Center (United States)
W. H. Glenn, United Technologies Research Center (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1169:
Fiber Optic and Laser Sensors VII
Ramon P. DePaula; Eric Udd, Editor(s)

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