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Proceedings Paper

Open Pinned-Phase CCD Technology
Author(s): James Janesick
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Paper Abstract

Multi-phase CCDs have traditionally exhibited very poor sensitivity in the UV, EUV and soft x-ray due to the absorbing polysilicon layers associated with the technology. To bypass the problem, CCD manufacturers have been forced to either thin and back illuminate the sensor or deposit UV sensitive organic phosphor coatings. Virtual-phase technology however has resolved the frontside QE dilemma by leaving half of the pixel "open" by employing a "virtual electrode" allowing photons to enter into the photosensitive bulk silicon unimpeded. Unfortunately, unlike multi-phase CCDs, virtual-phase detectors typically have limited usage in low signal-level applications because of CTE and readout noise impediments. To circumvent these problem areas, a novel CCD technology referred to as open pinned-phase (OPP) was invented, the subject of this paper. Discussion includes design and process features of an OPP-CCD that are focused to unite multi- and virtual phase technologies. The new CCD promises to deliver high frontside sensitivity in conjunction with ultra-low signal level performance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 November 1989
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 1159, EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy and Atomic Physics, (27 November 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.962594
Show Author Affiliations
James Janesick, California Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1159:
EUV, X-Ray, and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy and Atomic Physics
Charles J. Hailey; Oswald H. W. Siegmund, Editor(s)

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