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Proceedings Paper

The Effect Of Instantaneous Field Of View Size On The Acquisition Of Low Level Flight And 30° Manual Dive Bombing Tasks
Author(s): Kevin W. Dixon; Gretchen M. Krueger; Victoria A. Rojas; David C. Hubbard
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Paper Abstract

Helmet mounted displays provide required field of regard, out of the cockpit visual imagery for tactical training while maintaining acceptable luminance and resolution levels. An important consideration for visual system designers is the horizontal and vertical dimensions of the instantaneous field of view. This study investigated the effect of various instantaneous field of view sizes on the performance of low level flight and 30 degree manual dive bomb tasks. An in-simulator transfer of training design allowed pilots to be trained in an instantaneous field of view condition and transferred to a wide FOV condition for testing. The selected instantaneous field of view sizes cover the range of current and proposed helmet mounted displays. The field of view sizes used were 127° H x 67° V, 140° H x 80° V, 160° H x 80° V, and 180° H x 80° V. The 300° H x 150° V size provided a full field of view control condition. An A-10 dodecahedron simulator configured with a color light valve display, computer generated imagery, and a Polhemus magnetic head tracker provided the cockpit and display apparatus. The Polhemus magnetic head tracker allowed the electronically masked field of view sizes to be moved on the seven window display of the dodecahedron. The dependent measures were: 1) Number of trials to reach criterion for low level flight tasks and dive bombs, 2) Performance measures of the low level flight route, 3) Performance measures of the dive bombing task, and 4) Subjective questionnaire data. Thirty male instructor pilots from Williams AFB, Arizona served as subjects for the study. The results revealed significant field of view effects for the number of trials required to reach criterion in the two smallest FOV conditions for right 180° turns and dive bomb training. The data also revealed pilots performed closer to the desired pitch angle for all but the two smallest conditions. The questionnaire data revealed that pilots felt their performance was degraded and they relied more on information from their instruments in the smaller field of view conditions. The conclusions of this study are that for tasks requiring close course adherence to a desired flight profile a minimum of 160° H X 80° V instantaneous field of view should be used for training. Future investigations into the instantaneous field of view size will be conducted to validate the results on other tactical tasks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 1989
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 1116, Helmet-Mounted Displays, (5 September 1989); doi: 10.1117/12.960905
Show Author Affiliations
Kevin W. Dixon, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (United States)
Gretchen M. Krueger, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (United States)
Victoria A. Rojas, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (United States)
David C. Hubbard, Air Force Human Resources Laboratory (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1116:
Helmet-Mounted Displays
Jerry Carollo, Editor(s)

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