Share Email Print

Proceedings Paper

Energies And Hazards Of Non-Ionizing Radiations
Author(s): Heinz F. Nitka
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $17.00 $21.00

Paper Abstract

The rapidly increasing usage of non-ionizing radiations--microwaves, ultrasound, ultra-violet, and lasers--for diagnostic and therapeutic applications demands an awareness of their energy levels, their potential hazards and safety thresholds. This paper provides comparative data on these characteristics, and areas of concern and further research are indicated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 1980
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 0233, Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine VIII, (18 August 1980); doi: 10.1117/12.958908
Show Author Affiliations
Heinz F. Nitka

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0233:
Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine VIII
Joel E. Gray; William R. Hendee; Andrew G. Haus; William S. Properzio, Editor(s)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top
Sign in to read the full article
Create a free SPIE account to get access to
premium articles and original research
Forgot your username?