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Proceedings Paper

Chemical Vapor Deposited Molybdenum Films For Use In Photothermal Conversion'
Author(s): G. E. Carver; D. D. Allred; B. O. Seraphin
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Paper Abstract

High infrared reflectance, coupled with high solar absorptance, is required for efficient photothermal conversion. Converters can be fabricated by depositing an absorber on a highly reflecting metal. The absorber functions in the visible, yet becomes transparent in the near infrared, allowing the metal to suppress the thermal emittance. Economic considerations demand the use of thin films, rather than bulk materials. The thin film reflector must be capable of withstanding high temperatures of operation. Compatibility of the re-flector with the substrate below, and the absorber above, is required for long-time service. Highly reflective silver films suffer reflectance losses by agglomeration, and require stabilization layers. Refractory materials such as molybdenum avoid agglomeration at temperatures of operation of photothermal converters. Unlike other deposition methods, chemical vapor deposition (CVD) can produce molybdenum films with an infrared reflectance rivaling that of bulk molybdenum. CVD is a non-vacuum based technology with potential for sequential throughput fabrication. Studies are being undertaken to determine how sensitively the reflectance reacts to inclusions of impurities into the molybdenum. Thin film passivators deposited on the molybdenum prevent reflectance losses induced by oxidation, and insure high temperature survival of optimal reflectance. Complete converter stacks have been annealed at 550°C for over 1000 hours in air.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 1978
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 0161, Optics Applied to Solar Energy IV, (17 November 1978); doi: 10.1117/12.956873
Show Author Affiliations
G. E. Carver, University of Arizona (United States)
D. D. Allred, University of Arizona (United States)
B. O. Seraphin, University of Arizona (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0161:
Optics Applied to Solar Energy IV
Keith D. Masterson, Editor(s)

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