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Proceedings Paper

Laser Light Induced Photosensitization Of Lymphomas Cells And Normal Bone Marrow Cells
Author(s): Kirpal S Gulliya; Shazib Pervaiz; Don G Nealon; David L VanderMeulen
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Paper Abstract

Dye mediated, laser light induced photosensitization was tested in an in vitro model for its efficacy in eliminating the contaminating tumor cells for ex vivo autologous bone marrow purging. Daudi and U-937 cells (3 x 106/ml) in RPMI-1640 supplemented with 0.25% human albumin were mixed with 20 µg/ml and 25 µg/ml of MC-540, respectively. These cell-dye mixtures were then exposed to 514 nm argon laser light. Identical treatment was given to the normal bone marrow cells. Viability was determined by the trypan blue exclusion method. Results show that at 31.2 J/cm2 irradiation, 99.9999% Daudi cells were killed while 87% of the normal bone marrow cells survived. No regrowth of Daudi cells was observed for 30 days in culture. However, a light dose of 93.6 J/cm2 was required to obtain 99.999% U-937 cell kill with 80% normal bone marrow cell survival. Mixing of irradiated bone marrow cells with an equal number of lymphoma cells did not interfere with the photodynamic killing of lymphoma cells. Exposure of cells to low doses of recombinant interferon-alpha prior to photodynamic therapy increased the viability of lymphoma cells.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 June 1988
PDF: 3 pages
Proc. SPIE 0907, Laser Surgery: Characterization and Therapeutics, (15 June 1988); doi: 10.1117/12.945310
Show Author Affiliations
Kirpal S Gulliya, Baylor University Medical Center (United States)
Shazib Pervaiz, Baylor University Medical Center (United States)
Don G Nealon, Baylor University Medical Center (United States)
David L VanderMeulen, Baylor University Medical Center (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0907:
Laser Surgery: Characterization and Therapeutics
Kazuhiko Atsumi M.D.; Stephen N. Joffe M.D., Editor(s)

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