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Proceedings Paper

A Model-Based System For Object Recognition In Aerial Scenes
Author(s): M. F. Cullen; R. M. Hord; S. F. Miller
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Paper Abstract

Preliminary results of a system that uses model descriptions of objects to predict and match features derived from aerial images are presented. The system is organized into several phases: 1) processing of image scenes to obtain image primitives, 2) goal-oriented sorting of primitives into classes of related features, 3) prediction of the location of object model features in the image, and 4) matching image features to the model predicted features. The matching approach is centered upon a compatibility figure of merit between a set of image features and model features chosen to direct the search. The search process utilizes an iterative hypothesis generation and verication cycle. A "search matrix" is con-structed from image features and model features according to a first approximation of compatibility based upon orientation. Currently, linear features are used as primitives. Input to the matching algorithm is in the form of line segments extracted from an image scene via edge operatiors and a Hough transform technique for grouping. Additional processing is utilized to derive closed boundaries and complete edge descriptions. Line segments are then sorted into specific classes such that, on a higher level, a priori knowledge about a particular scene can be used to control the priority of line segments in the search process. Additional knowledge about the object model under consideration is utilized to construct the search matrix with the classes of line segments most likely containing the model description. It is shown that these techniques result in a, reduction in the size of the object recognition search space and hence in the time to locate the object in the image. The current system is implemented on a Symbolics LispTM machine. While experimentation continues, we have rewritten and tested the search process and several image processing functions for parallel implementation on a Connection Machine TM computer. It is shown that several orders of magnitude faster processing rates are achieved, as well as the possibility of entirely new processing schemes which take advantage of the unique Connection Machine architecture.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 1987
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 0726, Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision V, (27 March 1987); doi: 10.1117/12.937771
Show Author Affiliations
M. F. Cullen, Perkin-Elmer Corporation (United States)
R. M. Hord, MRJ, Inc. (United States)
S. F. Miller, Perkin-Elmer Corporation (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 0726:
Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision V
David P. Casasent, Editor(s)

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