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Proceedings Paper

Phase discrepancy induced from least squares wavefront reconstruction of wrapped phase measurements with high noise or large localized wavefront gradients
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Paper Abstract

Adaptive optics is used in applications such as laser communication, remote sensing, and laser weapon systems to estimate and correct for atmospheric distortions of propagated light in real-time. Within an adaptive optics system, a reconstruction process interprets the raw wavefront sensor measurements and calculates an estimate for the unwrapped phase function to be sent through a control law and applied to a wavefront correction device. This research is focused on adaptive optics using a self-referencing interferometer wavefront sensor, which directly measures the wrapped wavefront phase. Therefore, its measurements must be reconstructed for use on a continuous facesheet deformable mirror. In testing and evaluating a novel class of branch-point- tolerant wavefront reconstructors based on the post-processing congruence operation technique, an increase in Strehl ratio compared to a traditional least squares reconstructor was noted even in non-scintillated fields. To investigate this further, this paper uses wave-optics simulations to eliminate many of the variables from a hardware adaptive optics system, so as to focus on the reconstruction techniques alone. The simulation results along with a discussion of the physical reasoning for this phenomenon are provided. For any applications using a self-referencing interferometer wavefront sensor with low signal levels or high localized wavefront gradients, understanding this phenomena is critical when applying a traditional least squares wavefront reconstructor.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 October 2012
PDF: 16 pages
Proc. SPIE 8517, Laser Communication and Propagation through the Atmosphere and Oceans, 85170W (24 October 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.930295
Show Author Affiliations
Michael J. Steinbock, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Milo W. Hyde, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8517:
Laser Communication and Propagation through the Atmosphere and Oceans
Alexander M. J. van Eijk; Christopher C. Davis; Stephen M. Hammel; Arun K. Majumdar, Editor(s)

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