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Proceedings Paper

Optimized photonic crystal design for quantum well infrared photodetectors
Author(s): P. Reininger; S. Kalchmair; R. Gansch; A. M. Andrews; H. Detz; T. Zederbauer; S. I. Ahn; W. Schrenk; G. Strasser
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Paper Abstract

The performance of quantum well infrared photodetectors (QWIP) can be significantly enhanced combining it with a photonic crystal slab (PCS) resonator. In such a system the chosen PCS mode is designed to coincide with the absorption maximum of the photodetector by adjusting the lattice parameters. However there is a multitude of parameter sets that exhibit the same resonance frequency of the chosen PCS mode. We have investigated how the choice of the PC design can be exploited for a further enhancement of QWIPs. Several sets of lattice parameters that exhibit the chosen PCS mode at the same resonance frequency have been obtained and the finite difference time domain method was used to simulate the absorption spectra of the different PCS. A photonic crystal slab quantum well infrared photodetector with three different photonic crystal lattice designs that exhibit the same resonance frequency of the chosen PCS mode were designed, fabricated and measured. This work shows that the quality factor of a PCS-QWIP and therefore the absorption enhancement can be increased by an optimized PCS design. The improvement is a combined effect of a changed lattice constant, PC normalized radius and normalized slab thickness. An enhancement of the measured photocurrent of more than a factor of two was measured.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 April 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8425, Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices X, 84250A (25 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.923045
Show Author Affiliations
P. Reininger, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
S. Kalchmair, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
R. Gansch, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
A. M. Andrews, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
H. Detz, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
T. Zederbauer, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
S. I. Ahn, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
W. Schrenk, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)
G. Strasser, Vienna Univ. of Technology (Austria)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8425:
Photonic Crystal Materials and Devices X
Hernán Ruy Míguez; Sergei G. Romanov; Lucio Claudio Andreani; Christian Seassal, Editor(s)

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