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Proceedings Paper

Polarization dependence of the strain sensitivity of fiber Bragg gratings inscribed in highly birefringent optical fibers
Author(s): Paul Singh; Florian Jülich; Johannes Roths
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Paper Abstract

It can be expected that the range of applications for FBG-based strain and temperature sensors would expand if the accuracy of this sensor technique was improved. In this study, polarization effects of FBG sensors, which contribute significantly to the measurement uncertainty of this technique, were investigated. Therefore, FBGs were inscribed into highly birefringent optical fibers. These sensor elements were attached to a specimen with defined orientations of the fiber's slow and fast axes with regard the specimen's surface. We observed a change of the fiber's birefringence in the order of 5 10-5 as a consequence of the gluing process, that was employed to attach the fiber onto the specimen. The strain sensitivities were determined for each polarization mode and for different fiber orientations using a highly accurate strain calibration facility. It was found that in all experiments the strain sensitivity for the slow axis was significantly higher (about 0.8%) than for the fast axis. The strain sensitivity also depends on the orientation of the fiber's birefringent axes with regard to the surface of the specimen. Although the investigations were performed with FBGs inscribed into birefringent fibers, the findings are still of importance for understanding the polarization-dependant accuracy limits of FBGs in standard single-mode fibers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8439, Optical Sensing and Detection II, 84391S (9 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.922733
Show Author Affiliations
Paul Singh, Univ. of Applied Sciences Munich (Germany)
Florian Jülich, Univ. of Applied Sciences Munich (Germany)
Johannes Roths, Univ. of Applied Sciences Munich (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8439:
Optical Sensing and Detection II
Francis Berghmans; Anna Grazia Mignani; Piet De Moor, Editor(s)

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