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Proceedings Paper

Validate and update of 3D urban features using multi-source fusion
Author(s): Marcus Arrington; Dan Edwards; Arjan Sengers
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Paper Abstract

As forecast by the United Nations in May 2007, the population of the world transitioned from a rural to an urban demographic majority with more than half living in urban areas.1 Modern urban environments are complex 3- dimensional (3D) landscapes with 4-dimensional patterns of activity that challenge various traditional 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional sensors to accurately sample these man-made terrains. Depending on geographic location, data resulting from LIDAR, multi-spectral, electro-optical, thermal, ground-based static and mobile sensors may be available with multiple collects along with more traditional 2D GIS features. Reconciling differing data sources over time to correctly portray the dynamic urban landscape raises significant fusion and representational challenges particularly as higher levels of spatial resolution are available and expected by users. This paper presents a framework for integrating the imperfect answers of our differing sensors and data sources into a powerful representation of the complex urban environment. A case study is presented involving the integration of temporally diverse 2D, 2.5D and 3D spatial data sources over Kandahar, Afghanistan. In this case study we present a methodology for validating and augmenting 2D/2.5D urban feature and attribute data with LIDAR to produce validated 3D objects. We demonstrate that nearly 15% of buildings in Kandahar require understanding nearby vegetation before 3-D validation can be successful. We also address urban temporal change detection at the object level. Finally we address issues involved with increased sampling resolution since urban features are rarely simple cubes but in the case of Kandahar involve balconies, TV dishes, rooftop walls, small rooms, and domes among other things.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 May 2012
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8396, Geospatial InfoFusion II, 83960K (2 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.922487
Show Author Affiliations
Marcus Arrington, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (United States)
Dan Edwards, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (United States)
Arjan Sengers, National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8396:
Geospatial InfoFusion II
Matthew F. Pellechia; Richard J. Sorensen; Shiloh L. Dockstader; Kannappan Palaniappan; Xuan Liu, Editor(s)

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