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Proceedings Paper

Classification and modeling of human activities using empirical mode decomposition with S-band and millimeter-wave micro-Doppler radars
Author(s): Dustin P. Fairchild; Ram M. Narayanan
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Paper Abstract

The ability to identify human movements can be an important tool in many different applications such as surveillance, military combat situations, search and rescue operations, and patient monitoring in hospitals. This information can provide soldiers, security personnel, and search and rescue workers with critical knowledge that can be used to potentially save lives and/or avoid a dangerous situation. Most research involving human activity recognition is focused on using the Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) as a method of analyzing the micro-Doppler signatures. Because of the time-frequency resolution limitations of the STFT and because Fourier transform-based methods are not well-suited for use with non-stationary and nonlinear signals, we have chosen a different approach. Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) has been shown to be a valuable time-frequency method for processing non-stationary and nonlinear data such as micro-Doppler signatures and EMD readily provides a feature vector that can be utilized for classification. For classification, the method of a Support Vector Machine (SVMs) was chosen. SVMs have been widely used as a method of pattern recognition due to their ability to generalize well and also because of their moderately simple implementation. In this paper, we discuss the ability of these methods to accurately identify human movements based on their micro-Doppler signatures obtained from S-band and millimeter-wave radar systems. Comparisons will also be made based on experimental results from each of these radar systems. Furthermore, we will present simulations of micro-Doppler movements for stationary subjects that will enable us to compare our experimental Doppler data to what we would expect from an "ideal" movement.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 May 2012
PDF: 15 pages
Proc. SPIE 8361, Radar Sensor Technology XVI, 83610X (3 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.922448
Show Author Affiliations
Dustin P. Fairchild, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)
Ram M. Narayanan, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8361:
Radar Sensor Technology XVI
Kenneth I. Ranney; Armin W. Doerry, Editor(s)

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