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Proceedings Paper

Measurements of scattering anisotropy in dental tissue and zirconia ceramic
Author(s): Alicia Fernández-Oliveras; Oscar E. Pecho; Manuel Rubiño; María M. Pérez
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Paper Abstract

Knowledge of the optical properties of biological structures is useful for clinical applications, especially when dealing with incoming biomaterials engineered to improve the benefits for the patient. One ceramic material currently used in restorative dentistry is yttrium cation-doped tetragonal zirconia polycrystal (3Y-TZP) because of its good mechanical properties. However, its optical properties have not been thoroughly studied. Many methods for the determination of optical parameters from biological media make the assumption that scattered light is isotropically distributed over all angles. Nevertheless, real biological materials may have an angular dependence on light scattering, which may affect the optical behaviour of the materials. Therefore, the recovery of the degree of anisotropy in the scattering angular distribution is important. The phase function that represents the scattering angular distribution is usually characterized by the anisotropy coefficient g, which equals the average cosine of the scattering angle. In this work, we measured angularscattering distributions for two zirconia ceramic samples, pre-sintered and sintered, with similar thicknesses (0.48 mm and 0.50 mm, respectively) and also for a human dentine sample (0.41 mm in thickness). The samples were irradiated with a He-Ne laser beam (λ = 632.8 nm) and the angular-scattering distributions were measured using a rotating goniometer. The g values yielded were: -0.7970 ± 0.0016 for pre-sintered zirconia, -0.2074 ± 0.0024 for sintered zirconia and 0.0620 ± 0.0010 for dentine. The results show that zirconia sintering results in optical behaviour more similar to those of dentine tissue, in terms of scattering anisotropy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2012
PDF: 6 pages
Proc. SPIE 8427, Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care III, 84272C (8 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.921229
Show Author Affiliations
Alicia Fernández-Oliveras, Univ. de Granada (Spain)
Oscar E. Pecho, Univ. de Granada (Spain)
Manuel Rubiño, Univ. de Granada (Spain)
María M. Pérez, Univ. de Granada (Spain)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8427:
Biophotonics: Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care III
Jürgen Popp; Wolfgang Drexler; Valery V. Tuchin; Dennis L. Matthews, Editor(s)

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