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Proceedings Paper

Theoretical analysis of the absorption spectra of organic dyes differing by the conjugation sequence: illusion of negative solvatochromism
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Paper Abstract

Absorption peak maxima of two organic dyes differing by the position of the methine unit differ by 61 nm in dioxane and 128 nm in acetonnitrile. The difference is not reproduced by TDDFT using ab initio or hybrid functionals. TDDFT errors are different between the molecules due to a different albeit small extent of charge transfer, leading to a qualitative failure of TDDFT to predict relative energetics of the dyes. The TDDFT errors in non-polar solvents (such as dioxane) could be corrected based on the approach of Peach et al. (J. Chem. Phy. 128, 044118 (2008)). Here, we focus on the effect on the absorption spectrum of a polar solvent, specifically of the different between the two molecules sign of the solvatochromic shift vs. dioxane. Using the corrrection due to Peach et al, the absolute TDDFT errors can be brought within accetable ranges of 0.2-0.3 eV with the PCM solvent model, and the blue shift vs.dioxane is reporoduced, although both dyes are predicted to exhibit positive solvatochromism. The inclusion of explicit solvent molecules forming hydrogen bonds with the dye did not appreciably change neither TDDFT energies nor the correction term. These results show the importance of a more careful assessment of computational errors in the strategy of computationaly dye design by changing the conjugation order, where they are expected to be more important than in the case of an extension of the size of conjugation, and more so when polar solvents are used.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 April 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8435, Organic Photonics V, 84351K (30 April 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.921135
Show Author Affiliations
Sergei Manzhos, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Hiroshi Segawa, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Koichi Yamashita, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8435:
Organic Photonics V
Barry P. Rand; Chihaya Adachi; Volker van Elsbergen, Editor(s)

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