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Proceedings Paper

Distributed parameter estimation in wireless sensor networks using fused local observations
Author(s): Mohammad Fanaei; Matthew C. Valenti; Natalia A. Schmid; Marwan M. Alkhweldi
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Paper Abstract

The goal of this paper is to reliably estimate a vector of unknown deterministic parameters associated with an underlying function at a fusion center of a wireless sensor network based on its noisy samples made at distributed local sensors. A set of noisy samples of a deterministic function characterized by a nite set of unknown param- eters to be estimated is observed by distributed sensors. The parameters to be estimated can be some attributes associated with the underlying function, such as its height, its center, its variances in dierent directions, or even the weights of its specic components over a predened basis set. Each local sensor processes its observation and sends its processed sample to a fusion center through parallel impaired communication channels. Two local processing schemes, namely analog and digital, are considered. In the analog local processing scheme, each sensor transmits an amplied version of its local analog noisy observation to the fusion center, acting like a relay in a wireless network. In the digital local processing scheme, each sensor quantizes its noisy observation before trans- mitting it to the fusion center. A at-fading channel model is considered between the local sensors and fusion center. The fusion center combines all of the received locally-processed observations and estimates the vector of unknown parameters of the underlying function. Two dierent well-known estimation techniques, namely maximum-likelihood (ML), for both analog and digital local processing schemes, and expectation maximization (EM), for digital local processing scheme, are considered at the fusion center. The performance of the proposed distributed parameter estimation system is investigated through simulation of practical scenarios for a sample underlying function.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2012
PDF: 17 pages
Proc. SPIE 8404, Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing VII, 840404 (9 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919664
Show Author Affiliations
Mohammad Fanaei, West Virginia Univ. (United States)
Matthew C. Valenti, West Virginia Univ. (United States)
Natalia A. Schmid, West Virginia Univ. (United States)
Marwan M. Alkhweldi, West Virginia Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8404:
Wireless Sensing, Localization, and Processing VII
Sohail A. Dianat; Michael David Zoltowski, Editor(s)

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