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Proceedings Paper

Compact laser photoacoustic spectroscopy sensor for atmospheric components measurements
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Paper Abstract

Water vapor is the most important atmospheric greenhouse gas, but its variability and distribution, particularly the vertical profile, are not well known due to a lack of reliable long-term observations in the upper troposphere and stratosphere. Additional design and testing is necessary to extend Water Vapor Sensor System (WVSS) sensitivity to water vapor from a threshold of 100 ppmv to 2.8 ppmv to support operational and climate applications. Laser photoacoustic spectroscopy (LPAS) technique can extend the sensitivity to this level without extending absorption chamber path or using expensive laser emitting at stronger absorption line. A laser photoacoustic spectroscopy sensor based on inexpensive telecommunication style packaged, fiber-coupled near IR distributed feedback (DFB) laser diodes was developed to quantify concentrations of water vapor (H2O), CO2, and methane in ambient air. The LPAS sensor assembled in a compact package was designed for airborne, real-time measurements of atmospheric components. A resonant photoacoustic cell is used to increase the photoacoustic signal, electrical modulation is applied to replace mechanical chopper, and wavelength modulation spectroscopy is used to minimize the interfering background signal from window absorption in the sample cell. The minimum detection sensitivities (1σ) of 5 ppm at 1.39 μm (5 mW) for water vapor, 6 ppm at 1.6 μm (15 mW) for CO2, and 3 ppm at 1.6 μm (15 mW) for methane, are reported.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2012
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8366, Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies IX, 83660N (9 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.919297
Show Author Affiliations
Wenhui Shi, MassTech Inc. (United States)
Guangkun Li, MassTech Inc. (United States)
Coorg Prasad, Science & Engineering Services, Inc (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8366:
Advanced Environmental, Chemical, and Biological Sensing Technologies IX
Tuan Vo-Dinh; Robert A. Lieberman; Günter Gauglitz, Editor(s)

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