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Proceedings Paper

Fiber optic oxygen sensor using fluorescence quenching for aerospace application
Author(s): Allen Panahi
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we explore Fluorescence Technology as applied to the design and development of O2 sensors that can be used for aerospace application and discuss the various test and measurement techniques used to estimate the O2 gas concentration. Jet fuel comprised of heavier hydrocarbon components is much less volatile, than jet fuel having a flash point of approximately 37° C and JP-4 having a flash point of approximately -17° C. In contrast, straight-run gasoline has a flash point of approximately -40°C. The flash point is the minimum temperature where a liquid fuel can generate enough vapor to form a flammable mixture with air. If the temperature is below the flash point there isn't enough fuel evaporating to form a flammable fuel-air mixture. Since jet fuel and gasoline have similar flammable concentration limits, gasoline must produce much more vapor at a given temperature to have such a low flash point; hence gasoline is much more volatile than jet fuel. We compare the various intensity based approaches and contrast them with the frequency domain techniques that measure phase to extract fluorescent lifetimes. An innovate compact measurement system using the frequency heterodyning cross correlation technique that can be used for various applications is described in detail while the benefits are explored together with some test data collected. The various inerting fuel tank requirements are explained.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 May 2012
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8368, Photonic Applications for Aerospace, Transportation, and Harsh Environment III, 836806 (15 May 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.918903
Show Author Affiliations
Allen Panahi, ARK International (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8368:
Photonic Applications for Aerospace, Transportation, and Harsh Environment III
Alex A. Kazemi; Nicolas Javahiraly; Allen S. Panahi; Simon Thibault, Editor(s)

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