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Proceedings Paper

Applications of optical measurement technology in pollution gas monitoring at thermal power plants
Author(s): Jian Wang; Dahai Yu; Huajun Ye; Jianhu Yang; Liang Ke; Shuanglai Han; Haitao Gu; Yingbin Chen
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Paper Abstract

This paper presents the work of using advanced optical measurement techniques to implement stack gas emission monitoring and process control. A system is designed to conduct online measurement of SO2/NOX and mercury emission from stacks and slipping NH3 of de-nitrification process. The system is consisted of SO2/NOX monitoring subsystem, mercury monitoring subsystem, and NH3 monitoring subsystem. The SO2/NOX monitoring subsystem is developed based on the ultraviolet differential optical absorption spectroscopy (UV-DOAS) technique. By using this technique, a linearity error less than ±1% F.S. is achieved, and the measurement errors resulting from optical path contamination and light fluctuation are removed. Moreover, this subsystem employs in situ extraction and hot-wet line sampling technique to significantly reduce SO2 loss due to condensation and protect gas pipeline from corrosion. The mercury monitoring subsystem is used to measure the concentration of element mercury (Hg0), oxidized mercury (Hg2+), and total gaseous mercury (HgT) in the flue gas exhaust. The measurement of Hg with a low detection limit (0.1μg/m3) and a high sensitivity is realized by using cold vapor atom fluorescence spectroscopy (CVAFS) technique. This subsystem is also equipped with an inertial separation type sampling technique to prevent gas pipeline from being clogged and to reduce speciation mercury measurement error. The NH3 monitoring subsystem is developed to measure the concentration of slipping NH3 and then to help improving the efficiency of de-nitrification. The NH3 concentration as low as 0.1ppm is able to be measured by using the off-axis integrated cavity output spectroscopy (ICOS) and the tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) techniques. The problem of trace NH3 sampling loss is solved by applying heating the gas pipelines when the measurement is running.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 November 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8197, 2011 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Systems and Modern Optoelectronic Instruments, 819702 (17 November 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.917948
Show Author Affiliations
Jian Wang, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Dahai Yu, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Huajun Ye, Zhejiang Univ. (China)
Jianhu Yang, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Liang Ke, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Shuanglai Han, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Haitao Gu, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)
Yingbin Chen, Focused Photonics (Hangzhou) Inc. (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8197:
2011 International Conference on Optical Instruments and Technology: Optical Systems and Modern Optoelectronic Instruments
Yongtian Wang; Yunlong Sheng; Han-Ping Shieh; Kimio Tatsuno, Editor(s)

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