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Proceedings Paper

3D discomfort from vertical and torsional disparities in natural images
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Paper Abstract

The two major aspects of camera misalignment that cause visual discomfort when viewing images on a 3D display are vertical and torsional disparities. While vertical disparities are uniform throughout the image, torsional rotations introduce a range of disparities that depend on the location in the image. The goal of this study was to determine the discomfort ranges for the kinds of natural image that people are likely to take with 3D cameras rather than the artificial line and dot stimuli typically used for laboratory studies. We therefore assessed visual discomfort on a five-point scale from 'none' to 'severe' for artificial misalignment disparities applied to a set of full-resolution images of indoor scenes. For viewing times of 2 s, discomfort ratings for vertical disparity in both 2D and 3D images rose rapidly toward the discomfort level of 4 ('severe') by about 60 arcmin of vertical disparity. Discomfort ratings for torsional disparity in the same image rose only gradually, reaching only the discomfort level of 3 ('strong') by about 50 deg of torsional disparity. These data were modeled with a second-order hyperbolic compression function incorporating a term for the basic discomfort of the 3D display in the absence of any misalignments through a Minkowski norm. These fits showed that, at a criterion discomfort level of 2 ('moderate'), acceptable levels of vertical disparity were about 15 arcmin. The corresponding values for the torsional disparity were about 30 deg of relative orientation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 February 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8291, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVII, 82910Q (17 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.915466
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher W. Tyler, The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute (United States)
Lora T. Likova, The Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute (United States)
Kalin Atanassov, Qualcomm, Inc. (United States)
Vikas Ramachandra, Qualcomm, Inc. (United States)
Sergio Goma, Qualcomm, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8291:
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging XVII
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas; Huib de Ridder, Editor(s)

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