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Proceedings Paper

An evaluation on low-level vibration energy harvesting using piezoelectret foam
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Paper Abstract

Energy harvesting technology is critical in the development of self-powered electronic devices. Over the past few decades, several transduction mechanisms have been investigated for harvesting various forms of ambient energy. This paper provides an investigation of a novel transducer material for vibration energy harvesting; piezoelectret foam. Piezoelectrets are cellular ferroelectret foams, which are thin, flexible polymeric materials that exhibit piezoelectric properties. The basic operational principle behind cellular ferroelectrets involves the deformation of internally charged voids in the polymer, which can be represented as macroscopic dipoles, resulting in a potential developed across the material. Both the mechanical and electromechanical properties of this material are investigated in this work. Mechanical testing is performed using traditional tensile testing techniques to obtain experimental measures of the stiffness and strength of the materials. Electromechanical testing is performed in order to establish a relationship between input mechanical energy and output electrical energy by dynamically measuring the piezoelectric constant, d33. Additionally, the properties of ferroelectret foams are compared to those of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), a conventional polymer-based piezoelectric material whose crystalline phase exhibits piezoelectricity through dipole orientation. Finally, the feasibility of vibration energy harvesting using piezoelectret materials is investigated.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 March 2012
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8341, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2012, 83410G (27 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.915432
Show Author Affiliations
S. R. Anton, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)
K. M. Farinholt, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8341:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2012
Henry A. Sodano, Editor(s)

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