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Proceedings Paper

Large amplitude oscillatory measurements as mechanical characterization methods for soft elastomers
Author(s): Anne Ladegaard Skov
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Paper Abstract

Mechanical characterization of soft elastomers is usually done either by traditional shear rheometry in the linear viscoelastic (LVE) regime (i.e. low strains) or by extensional rheology in the nonlinear regime. However, in many commercially available rheometers for nonlinear extensions the measurements rely on certain assumptions such as a predefined shape alteration and are very hard to perform on soft elastomers in most cases. The LVE data provides information on important parameters for DEAP purposes such as the Young's modulus and the tendency to viscous dissipation (at low strains only) but provides no information on the strain hardening or softening effects at larger strains, and the mechanical breakdown strength. Therefore it is obvious that LVE can not be used as the single mechanical characterization tool in large strain applications. We show how the data set of LVE, and large amplitude oscillating elongation (LAOE)1 and planar elongation2,3 make the ideal set of experiments to evaluate the mechanical performance of DEAPs. We evaluate the mechanical performance of several soft elastomers applicable for DEAP purposes such as poly(propyleneoxide) (PPO) networks3,4 and traditional unfilled silicone (PDMS) networks5.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 April 2012
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 8340, Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2012, 83401C (3 April 2012);
Show Author Affiliations
Anne Ladegaard Skov, Technical Univ. of Denmark (Denmark)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8340:
Electroactive Polymer Actuators and Devices (EAPAD) 2012
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Editor(s)

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