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Proceedings Paper

Design of a contrast-enhanced dual-energy tomosynthesis system for breast cancer imaging
Author(s): M. D. Hörnig; L. Bätz; T. Mertelmeier
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Paper Abstract

Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) is a three-dimensional X-ray imaging modality that has the potential to decrease the superimposition effect of breast structural noise, thereby increasing lesion conspicuity. To further improve breast cancer detection, our work has been devoted to develop a prototype for contrast-enhanced dual-energy tomosynthesis (CEDET). CEDET involves the injection of an iodinated contrast agent and measures the relative increase in uptake of contrast in the suspected breast cancer lesion. Either temporal or dual-energy subtraction techniques may be used to implement CEDET. Both 2D contrast-enhanced dual-energy mammography and 3D tomosynthesis can be applied. Here we present the design of a prototype CEDET system based on the Siemens MAMMOMAT Inspiration and employing two additional high-energy filters in addition to the standard Rh filter, the latter being used for the low-energy acquisitions. A quality factor of squared signal-difference-to-noise-ratio of iodine per pixel area and average glandular dose as a function of breast thickness is used to optimize the filter material, the filter thickness, and the tube voltage. The average glandular dose can be calculated from the entrance surface air kerma using computed conversion coefficients DgN for the used X-ray spectra. We also present the results of DQE measurements of the amorphous selenium detector involved. Finally, results of phantom tests for tomosynthesis acquisition and first clinical data in the 2D mode will be shown.

Paper Details

Date Published: 3 March 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8313, Medical Imaging 2012: Physics of Medical Imaging, 83134O (3 March 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.911377
Show Author Affiliations
M. D. Hörnig, Siemens AG Healthcare (Germany)
L. Bätz, Siemens AG Healthcare (Germany)
T. Mertelmeier, Siemens AG Healthcare (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8313:
Medical Imaging 2012: Physics of Medical Imaging
Norbert J. Pelc; Robert M. Nishikawa; Bruce R. Whiting, Editor(s)

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