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Proceedings Paper

Ultrasound assisted optical tomography: estimation of phase shift experienced by photon on transit through US insonified region for detection of breast tumor
Author(s): Suheshkumar Singh; Rajan Kanhirodan; R. M. Vasu
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Paper Abstract

A Monte Carlo model of ultrasound modulation of multiply scattered coherent light in a highly scattering media has been carried out for estimating the phase shift experienced by a photon beam on its transit through US insonified region. The phase shift is related to the tissue stiffness, thereby opening an avenue for possible breast tumor detection. When the scattering centers in the tissue medium is exposed to a deterministic forcing with the help of a focused ultrasound (US) beam, due to the fact that US-induced oscillation is almost along particular direction, the direction defined by the transducer axis, the scattering events increase, thereby increasing the phase shift experienced by light that traverses through the medium. The phase shift is found to increase with increase in anisotropy g of the medium. However, as the size of the focused region which is the region of interest (ROI) increases, a large number of scattering events take place within the ROI, the ensemble average of the phase shift (Δφ) becomes very close to zero. The phase of the individual photon is randomly distributed over 2π when the scattered photon path crosses a large number of ultrasound wavelengths in the focused region. This is true at high ultrasound frequency (1 MHz) when mean free path length of photon ls is comparable to wavelength of US beam. However, at much lower US frequencies (100 Hz), the wavelength of sound is orders of magnitude larger than ls, and with a high value of g (g 0.9), there is a distinct measurable phase difference for the photon that traverses through the insonified region. Experiments are carried out for validation of simulation results.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 February 2012
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 8320, Medical Imaging 2012: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy, 832015 (24 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.910876
Show Author Affiliations
Suheshkumar Singh, Indian Institute of Science (India)
Rajan Kanhirodan, Indian Institute of Science (India)
R. M. Vasu, Indian Institute of Science (India)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8320:
Medical Imaging 2012: Ultrasonic Imaging, Tomography, and Therapy
Johan G. Bosch; Marvin M. Doyley, Editor(s)

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