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Proceedings Paper

Nonlinear optics for the study of human scar tissue
Author(s): D. P. Ferro; G. Vieira-Damiani; R. L. Adam; C. L. Cesar; Konradin Metze M.D.
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Paper Abstract

Collagen fibers are an essential component of the dynamic process of scarring, which accompanies various diseases. Scar tissue may reveal different morphologic expressions, such as hypertrophic scars or keloids. Collagen fibers can be visualized by fluorescent light when stained with eosin. Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) creates a non linear signal that occurs only in molecules without inversion symmetry and is particularly strong in the collagen fibers arranged in triple helices. The aim of this study was to describe the methodology for the analysis of the density and texture of collagen in keloids, hypertrophic scars and conventional scars. Samples were examined in the National Institute of Science and Technology on Photonics Applied to Cell Biology (INFABIC) at the State University of Campinas. The images were acquired in a multiphoton microscopy LSM 780-NLO Zeiss 40X. Both signals, two-photon fluorescence (TPEF) and SHG, were excited by a Mai-Tai Ti:Sapphire laser at 940 nm. We used a LP490/SP485 NDD filter for SHG, and a BP565-610 NDD filter for fluorescence In each case, ten images were acquired serially (512×512 μm) in Z-stack and joined together to one patchwork-image . Image analysis was performed by a gliding-box-system with in-house made software. Keloids, hypertrophic scars and normal scar tissue show different collagen architecture. Inside an individual case differences of the scar process may be found between central and peripheral parts. In summary, the use of nonlinear optics is a helpful tool for the study of scars tissue.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 February 2012
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 8226, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XII, 82263J (9 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.908922
Show Author Affiliations
D. P. Ferro, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
G. Vieira-Damiani, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
R. L. Adam, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
C. L. Cesar, Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)
Konradin Metze M.D., Univ. Estadual de Campinas (Brazil)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8226:
Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XII
Karsten König, Editor(s)

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