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Proceedings Paper

Label-free mitosis detection in tumor spheroids using tissue dynamics imaging
Author(s): Ran An; Kwan Jeong; John Turek; David Nolte
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Paper Abstract

The detection of cellular mitosis inside three-dimensional living tissue at depths up to 1 mm has been beyond the detection limits of conventional microscopies. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of motility contrast imaging and fluctuation spectroscopy to detect motional signatures that we attribute to mitotic events within groups of 100 cells in multicellular tumor spheroids. Motility contrast imaging is a coherence-domain speckle-imaging technique that uses low-coherence off-axis holography as a coherence gate to localize dynamic light scattering from selected depths inside tissue. Fluctuation spectroscopy is performed on a pervoxel basis to generate micro-spectrograms that display frequency content vs. time. Mitosis, especially in Telophase and Cytokinesis, is a relatively fast and high-amplitude phenomenon that should display energetic features within the micro-spectrograms. By choosing an appropriate frequency range and threshold, we detect energetic events with a density and rate that are comparable to the expected mitotic fraction in the UMR cell line. By studying these mitotic events in tumors of two different sizes, we show that micro-spectrograms contain characteristically different information content than macro-spectrograms (averaged over many voxels) in which the mitotic signatures (which are overall a low-probability event) are averaged out. The detection of mitotic fraction in thick living tissue has important consequences for the use of tissue-based assays for drug discovery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 2012
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8230, Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VI, 823006 (13 February 2012); doi: 10.1117/12.907658
Show Author Affiliations
Ran An, Purdue Univ. (United States)
Kwan Jeong, Korean Military Institute (Korea, Republic of)
John Turek, Purdue Univ. (United States)
David Nolte, Purdue Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8230:
Biomedical Applications of Light Scattering VI
Adam P. Wax; Vadim Backman, Editor(s)

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