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Proceedings Paper

Quantitative analysis on key estimation by known-plaintext attacks to DRPE
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Paper Abstract

Double Random Phase Encoding (DRPE), which is a typical optical encryption technique, has been reported to be vulnerable to Known Plaintext-Attacks (KPAs) using a Phase Retrieval Algorithm (PRA). But the reported case in which the encryption key is successfully estimated was that the plain image was rather simple such as the image of a character. In addition, although Phase Only DRPE (PO-DRPE) was proposed to achieve more resistance to the KPA than Complex DRPE (C-DRPE) in which both amplitude and phase components are used as an encrypted image, no quantitative results about the relationship between the vulnerability and the plaintext image. In this paper, we show the result of quantitative analysis on KPA by PRA to C-DRPE and PO-DRPE, for the plaintext images of different characteristics. As a result of experiment, KPA to C-DRPE succeeded to estimate the correct key while the probability of success became lower when the number of non-zero pixel increases in the plaintext image. However, KPA to PO-DRPE enabled to estimate only "singular" keys, which are effective for no more than given plaintext/ciphertext image pair and far different from the correct encryption key. We also conducted KPA using two plaintext-ciphertext image pairs for KPA. In the case when two plaintext-ciphertext image pairs were given to KPA, the cryptanalysis succeeded with higher probability than the case of one. Moreover, the probability of success in the KPA was high even in PO-DRPE.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2011
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 8011, 22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Light for the Development of the World, 80117V (2 November 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.903356
Show Author Affiliations
Kazuya Nakano, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Hiroyuki Suzuki, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Masahiro Yamaguchi, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Takashi Obi, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)
Nagaaki Ohyama, Tokyo Institute of Technology (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8011:
22nd Congress of the International Commission for Optics: Light for the Development of the World
Ramón Rodríguez-Vera; Ramón Rodríguez-Vera; Ramón Rodríguez-Vera; Rufino Díaz-Uribe; Rufino Díaz-Uribe; Rufino Díaz-Uribe, Editor(s)

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