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Proceedings Paper

Synthesis and characterization of poly lactic acid and multiwall carbon nano-tubes mixtures
Author(s): Santhosh Kumar LG; Rocío del A. Cardona; Melvin Berríos-Soto; Jorge J. Santiago-Avilés
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Paper Abstract

The motivation for this study is to reproduce processing conditions which lead to the formation of photo or photoinduced thermal actuation, combined with inexpensive, environmentally friendly (easily degradable) materials. Commercially available polymer, poly lactic acid (PLA), was used in our studies. PLA is a well know biodegradable polymer naturally obtained from corn. PLA was received as a solid resin in pellet form and dissolved in 1:3 acetone/chloroform solutions, to achieve the proper electrospinning kinematic viscosity. Once in the liquid phase, the material was mixed with commercially available multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) at varying concentrations and dispersed by severe sonication. The mixtures was electrospun at room temperature using a home built electrospinning apparatus capable of depositing randomly oriented fiber mats or oriented fibers onto different substrates, ranging from oxidized silicon wafers, alumina squares or glass microscope slides. The fibers diameters and lengths are statistically distributed following a log-normal distribution and the mean and dispersion are controlled by spinning parameters. Once the fibers were electrospun, they were compositionally, morphologically and structurally characterized by thermal and gravimetric analysis (TGA/DTA), rheology, imaging using a focused Ion Beam Scanning Electron Microscope (IBSEM), and IR /Raman methodologies. These studies can be used to explore PLA-MWCNTs mixtures suitability in applications such as super-capacitor technology, which would enable us to pursue further research in this field, while focusing on improving the electro spinning conditions so as to be able to better anticipate fiber morphology to generate a consistent regime of fibers.

Paper Details

Date Published: 31 August 2011
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8107, Nano-Opto-Mechanical Systems (NOMS), 81070F (31 August 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.897355
Show Author Affiliations
Santhosh Kumar LG, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Rocío del A. Cardona, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Melvin Berríos-Soto, Univ. de Puerto Rico Mayagüez (United States)
Jorge J. Santiago-Avilés, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8107:
Nano-Opto-Mechanical Systems (NOMS)
Jaume Esteve; Eugene M. Terentjev; Eva M. Campo, Editor(s)

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