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Proceedings Paper

Target discrimination of man-made objects using passive polarimetric signatures acquired in the visible and infrared spectral bands
Author(s): Daniel A. Lavigne; Mélanie Breton; Georges Fournier; Jean-François Charette; Mario Pichette; Vincent Rivet; Anne-Pier Bernier
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Paper Abstract

Surveillance operations and search and rescue missions regularly exploit electro-optic imaging systems to detect targets of interest in both the civilian and military communities. By incorporating the polarization of light as supplementary information to such electro-optic imaging systems, it is possible to increase their target discrimination capabilities, considering that man-made objects are known to depolarized light in different manner than natural backgrounds. As it is known that electro-magnetic radiation emitted and reflected from a smooth surface observed near a grazing angle becomes partially polarized in the visible and infrared wavelength bands, additional information about the shape, roughness, shading, and surface temperatures of difficult targets can be extracted by processing effectively such reflected/emitted polarized signatures. This paper presents a set of polarimetric image processing algorithms devised to extract meaningful information from a broad range of man-made objects. Passive polarimetric signatures are acquired in the visible, shortwave infrared, midwave infrared, and longwave infrared bands using a fully automated imaging system developed at DRDC Valcartier. A fusion algorithm is used to enable the discrimination of some objects lying in shadowed areas. Performance metrics, derived from the computed Stokes parameters, characterize the degree of polarization of man-made objects. Field experiments conducted during winter and summer time demonstrate: 1) the utility of the imaging system to collect polarized signatures of different objects in the visible and infrared spectral bands, and 2) the enhanced performance of target discrimination and fusion algorithms to exploit the polarized signatures of man-made objects against cluttered backgrounds.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 September 2011
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 8160, Polarization Science and Remote Sensing V, 816007 (9 September 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.894055
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel A. Lavigne, Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier (Canada)
Mélanie Breton, AEREX Avionics Inc. (Canada)
Georges Fournier, Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier (Canada)
Jean-François Charette, Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier (Canada)
Mario Pichette, Defence Research and Development Canada, Valcartier (Canada)
Vincent Rivet, AEREX Avionics Inc. (Canada)
Anne-Pier Bernier, AEREX Avionics Inc. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8160:
Polarization Science and Remote Sensing V
Joseph A. Shaw; J. Scott Tyo, Editor(s)

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