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Proceedings Paper

Extensions to polar formatting with spatially variant post-filtering
Author(s): Wendy L. Garber; Robert W. Hawley
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Paper Abstract

The polar format algorithm (PFA) is computationally faster than back projection for producing spotlight mode synthetic aperture radar (SAR). This is very important in applications such as video SAR for persistent surveillance, as images may need to be produced in real time. PFA's speed is largely due to making a planar wavefront assumption and forming the image onto a regular grid of pixels lying in a plane. Unfortunately, both assumptions cause loss of focus in airborne persistent surveillance applications. The planar wavefront assumption causes a loss of focus in the scene for pixels that are far from scene center. The planar grid of image pixels causes loss of the depth of focus for conic flight geometries. In this paper, we present a method to compensate for the loss of depth of focus while warping the image onto a terrain map to produce orthorectified imagery. This technique applies a spatially variant post-filter and resampling to correct the defocus while dewarping the image. This work builds on spatially variant post-filtering techniques previously developed at Sandia National Laboratories in that it incorporates corrections for terrain height and circular flight paths. This approach produces high quality SAR images many times faster than back projection.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 May 2011
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 8051, Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XVIII, 805104 (4 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.888947
Show Author Affiliations
Wendy L. Garber, Matrix Research Inc. (United States)
Robert W. Hawley, Matrix Research Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8051:
Algorithms for Synthetic Aperture Radar Imagery XVIII
Edmund G. Zelnio; Frederick D. Garber, Editor(s)

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