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Proceedings Paper

Experimental imaging performance evaluation for alternate configurations of undersea pulsed laser serial imagers
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Paper Abstract

This paper examines imaging performance bounds for undersea electro-optic identification (EOID) sensors that use pulsed laser line scanners to form serial images, typically utilizing one laser pulse for each formed image element. The experimental results presented include the use of two distinct imaging geometries; firstly where the laser source and single element optical detector are nearly co-aligned (near monostatic) and secondly where the laser source is deployed on a separate platform positioned closer to the target (bistatic) to minimize source-to-target beam spread, volumetric scatter and attenuation, with the detector being positioned much further from the target. The former system uses synchronous scanning in order to significantly limit the required instantaneous angular acceptance function of the detector and has the desired intention of acquiring only ballistic photons that have directly interacted with the target element and the undesirable property of acquiring snake photon contributions that indirectly arrive into the detector aperture via multiple forward scattering over the two-way propagation path. The latter system utilizes a staring detector with a much wider angular acceptance function, the objective being to deliver maximum photon density to each target element and acquire diffuse, snake and ballistic photon contributions in order to maximize the signal. The objective of this work was to experimentally investigate pulse-to-pulse detection statistics for both imaging geometries in carefully controlled particle suspensions, with and without artificially generated random uncharacterized scattering inhomogeneities to assess potential image performance in realistic conditions where large biological and mineral particles, aggregates, thin biological scattering layers and turbulence will exist. More specifically, the study investigates received pulse energy variance in clear filtered water, as well as various well-characterized particle suspensions with and without an artificial thin random scattering layer. Efforts were made to keep device noise constant in order to assess the impact of the environment on extrapolated image quality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2011
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 8030, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring III, 80300B (18 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.888640
Show Author Affiliations
Fraser R. Dalgleish, Florida Atlantic Univ. (United States)
Anni K. Vuorenkoski, Florida Atlantic Univ. (United States)
Gero Nootz, Florida Atlantic Univ. (United States)
Bing Ouyang, Florida Atlantic Univ. (United States)
Frank M. Caimi, Florida Atlantic Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8030:
Ocean Sensing and Monitoring III
Weilin W. Hou; Robert Arnone, Editor(s)

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