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Proceedings Paper

Highly refractive index sensitive femtosecond laser inscribed long period gratings
Author(s): Edward Davies; Kyriacos Kalli; Charalambos Koutsides; Lin Zhang
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Paper Abstract

The distinct behaviour of femtosecond laser inscribed long period gratings, with a non-uniform index perturbation within the optical fibre core, has been studied experimentally. The non-uniform laser-induced perturbation results in light coupling from the core mode to a greater number of cladding modes than is the case with their UV laser inscribed counterparts, and this is made evident from the surrounding refractive index (SRI) grating response. Femtosecond inscribed long period gratings are shown to simultaneously couple to multiple sets of cladding modes. A 400μm LPG is shown to result in attenuation peaks that have both blue and red wavelength shifts over a 1250nm to 1700nm wavelength range. This gives rise to SRI sensitivities far greater than anything achievable by monitoring a single attenuation peak. The maximum sensitivity produced by monitoring a single attenuation peak was 1106nm/RIU, whereas monitoring opposing wavelength shifts resulted in a significantly improved sensitivity of 1680nm/RIU.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 May 2011
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 7753, 21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, 77539H (18 May 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.885993
Show Author Affiliations
Edward Davies, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Kyriacos Kalli, Cyprus Univ. of Technology (Cyprus)
Charalambos Koutsides, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)
Cyprus Univ. of Technology (Cyprus)
Lin Zhang, Aston Univ. (United Kingdom)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7753:
21st International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors
Jacques Albert; Wojtek J. Bock, Editor(s)

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