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Proceedings Paper

Nanostructured mesoporous materials for lithium-ion battery applications
Author(s): P. Balaya; K. Saravanan; S. Hariharan; V. Ramar; H. S. Lee; M. Kuezma; S. Devaraj; D. H. Nagaraju; K. Ananthanarayanan; C. W. Mason
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Paper Abstract

The Energy crisis happens to be one of the greatest challenges we are facing today. In this view, much effort has been made in developing new, cost effective, environmentally friendly energy conversion and storage devices. The performance of such devices is fundamentally related to material properties. Hence, innovative materials engineering is important in solving the energy crisis problem. One such innovation in materials engineering is porous materials for energy storage. Porous electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) offer a high degree of electrolyte-electrode wettability, thus enhancing the electrochemical activity within the material. Among the porous materials, mesoporous materials draw special attention, owing to shorter diffusion lengths for Li+ and electronic movement. Nanostructured mesoporous materials also offer better packing density compared to their nanostructured counterparts such as nanopowders, nanowires, nanotubes etc., thus opening a window for developing electrode materials with high volumetric energy densities. This would directly translate into a scenario of building batteries which are much lighter than today's commercial LIBs. In this article, the authors present a simple, soft template approach for preparing both cathode and anode materials with high packing density for LIBs. The impact of porosity on the electrochemical storage performance is highlighted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 May 2011
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 8035, Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, 803503 (17 May 2011);
Show Author Affiliations
P. Balaya, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
K. Saravanan, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
S. Hariharan, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
V. Ramar, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
H. S. Lee, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
M. Kuezma, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
S. Devaraj, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
D. H. Nagaraju, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
K. Ananthanarayanan, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)
C. W. Mason, National Univ. of Singapore (Singapore)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 8035:
Energy Harvesting and Storage: Materials, Devices, and Applications II
Nibir K. Dhar; Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya; Achyut K. Dutta, Editor(s)

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