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Proceedings Paper

Toward robotic needle steering in lung biopsy: a tendon-actuated approach
Author(s): Louis B. Kratchman; Mohammed M. Rahman; Justin R. Saunders; Philip J. Swaney; Robert J. Webster III
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Paper Abstract

Needle tip dexterity is advantageous for transthoracic lung biopsies, which are typically performed with rigid, straight biopsy needles. By providing intraoperative compensation for trajectory error and lesion motion, tendon-driven biopsy needles may reach smaller or deeper nodules in fewer attempts, thereby reducing trauma. An image-guided robotic system that uses these needles also has the potential to reduce radiation exposure to the patient and physician. In this paper, we discuss the design, workflow, kinematic modeling, and control of both the needle and a compact and inexpensive robotic prototype that can actuate the tendon-driven needle for transthoracic lung biopsy. The system is designed to insert and steer the needle under Computed Tomography (CT) guidance. In a free-space targeting experiment using a discrete proportional control law with digital camera feedback, we show a position error of less than 1 mm achieved using an average of 8.3 images (n=3).

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2011
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 7964, Medical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling, 79641I (1 March 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878792
Show Author Affiliations
Louis B. Kratchman, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Mohammed M. Rahman, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Justin R. Saunders, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Philip J. Swaney, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)
Robert J. Webster III, Vanderbilt Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7964:
Medical Imaging 2011: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Modeling
Kenneth H. Wong; David R. Holmes III, Editor(s)

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