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Proceedings Paper

A study of several vortex-induced vibration techniques for piezoelectric wind energy harvesting
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Paper Abstract

This paper discusses a preliminary study on harnessing energy from piezoelectric transducers by using bluff body and vortex-induced vibration phenomena. Structures like bridges and buildings tend to deform and crack due to chaotic fluid-structure interactions. The rapid variation of pressure and velocity can be tapped and used to power structural health monitoring systems. The proposed device is a miniature, scalable wind harvesting device. The configuration consists of a bluff body with a flexible piezoelectric cantilever attached to the trailing edge. Tests are run for different characteristic dimensions or shapes for the bluff body and optimized for maximum power over a wide range of flow velocities. The main motive here is to seek a higher synchronized region of frequencies for the oscillation amplitudes. The multi-physics software package COMSOL is used to vary the design parameters to optimize the configuration and to identify the significant parameters in the design. The simulation results obtained show a wider lock-in bandwidth and higher average power for the cylindrical bluff body compared to the other two bluff body shapes investigated, the greatest average power being 0.35mW at a Reynolds number of 900, beam length of 0.04m, and bluff body diameter of 0.02m.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 2011
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 7977, Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2011, 79770F (27 April 2011); doi: 10.1117/12.878493
Show Author Affiliations
Vishak Sivadas, The George Washington Univ. (United States)
Adam M. Wickenheiser, The George Washington Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 7977:
Active and Passive Smart Structures and Integrated Systems 2011
Mehrdad N. Ghasemi-Nejhad, Editor(s)

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